Age The mean age of respondents was almost 21 and slightly less for Burao where

Age the mean age of respondents was almost 21 and

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higher rate in Puntland’s capital, and a slightly higher rate in Somaliland’s economic hub. Age – The mean age of respondents was almost 21 – and slightly less for Burao, where respondents averaged 20. This is perhaps attributable to the city’s recent growth. While migrants tended to be only a little older (six months to a year) than non-migrants in the 15-24 range, the proportion of them 20 or older was significantly higher, perhaps reflecting an age selection element in the decision to migrate. Migrants are more likely to be married than non- migrants, especially in Puntland. Marital status – The vast majority of youth had never married though significant minorities were married, more so in Puntland than in Somaliland, and more frequently in the capitals than in economic hubs. There was no discernible difference in the proportion of married youth between women and men, despite the age bracket. Household size and heads of household – Average household sizes among the target population is eight members, with families in Somaliland having one more member (8) than in Puntland (7). The proportion of youth serving as head of household varies from city to city and region to region. Youth are more than twice as likely to be the head of household in Somaliland (22%) as in Puntland (9%). Capital-dwellers are 30-50% more likely to the head of households than youth in commercial hubs. One youth in four heads his or her household in Hargeysa, and in Somaliland, some 15% of teenagers head households. SOCIAL PROFILE Education – Half of the non-migrants interviewed had a high school or secondary school degree, while one in four had no formal education or primary school education only. One in four non-migrant respondents had obtained an associate’s degree or higher. Considering the education profiles of both Somalilanders and Puntlanders, two points should be kept in mind: 1) a bias towards the more educated Somalilanders and Puntlanders, as some research was carried out on university campuses; 2) by contrast, teenagers (15-17) are not likely to attend university, which create a second bias, towards the less educated. Interviewed migrants’ education profiles are relatively similar to those of non-migrants, but they do display a higher proportion of higher education, with close to 40% of migrants having obtained an associate’s degree or higher (compared to 25% for non-migrants):
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19 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration 80% of Puntland migrants with an associate degree, 68% of Puntland migrant with a bachelor’s degree. By contrast, the majority of uneducated migrants encountered in Puntland is not originally from Puntland: 77% of those with no formal education and 62% of those with primary school education are from South Central Somalia. Social and political Influence – In Somaliland, more than one youth in three stated not participating in decision-making, and half of them found it at least “difficult” to access decision-makers. In contrast, residents of Puntland generally described such access “easy,” with less than one in twenty indicated the access “difficult.” There does not appear to be further distinction between political and commercial centres beyond the regional one. The
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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