Symptoms of PE are a sudden shortness of breath; wheezing; cough with or without blood; sharp pain in the chest, arm, shoulder. The individual appears clammy or pale. PE affects individuals who are inactive for a long period of time, a family history of clotting issues, medical history of heart conditions, obese, etc. (Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 2018). PE is diagnosed or detected by CT scan which can reveal abnormalities in the chest or other organs. A d-Dimer test can diagnose thrombosis, pulmonary angiogram to reveal blood clot in the lungs blood tests, and an MRI. Based on patient symptoms, PE is the more likely diagnosis. 2) Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the lower portion of the body such as, leg, thigh or pelvis but blood clot can form in other parts of the body (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2018). Individual can be asymptomatic however, most common symptoms are swelling, pain, tenderness, redness, warmth of the skin on the affected leg (CDC, 2018). DVT is diagnosed through special tests such as ultrasound, d-dimer, venography where a dye is injected into the veins, an x-ray creates an image of the veins to look for clots, CT or MRI scans and medications are used to prevent and treat the condition (CDC, 2018). This is definitely a potential diagnose, DVT often can lead to PE if the clot breaks off the vessel and travels into the bloodstream to the lungs (CDC, 2018). 3) Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) occurs when there is an obstruction in various small pulmonary arteries (Austin, Loyd, & Phillips, 2015). Due to number of obstructed vessels that leads to an increase in resistance of blood flow to the lungs, which leads to the right ventricle chamber of the heart to compensate for the blockage by causing higher
pressure to maintain blood flow to the lungs (Austin, Loyd, & Phillips, 2015). Problems start to arise when the right ventricle can no longer aid for the resistance. Symptoms of PAH
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