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This is based in a tendency in collectivistic

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This is based in a tendency, in collectivistic cultures, to avoid “burdening”others with one’s problems.Improving time managementoA common source of stress is feeling there is not enough time to accomplishtasks.oIndividuals vary in their time perspectives.‘Future-oriented’ people see the consequences of their behavior on futuregoals.‘Present-oriented’ people are less concerned with the impact of currentbehavior on future goals.oFuture-oriented individuals:Are less likely to procrastinateAre better able to meet their goals and commitmentsoRegardless of orientation, most people can benefit from better time management.Emotion-Focused CopingEnhancing emotional intelligenceoEmotional intelligence– “the ability to perceive and express emotion, useemotions to facilitate thought, understand and reason with emotion, and regulateemotion."Emotional intelligence has four components:o1. Accurately perceiving emotions in yourself and others.o2. Knowing how your emotions shape your thinking.o3. An understanding of complex or contradictory emotions.o4. Regulation of emotions, especially negative ones.
The test of emotional intelligence with the strongest support is theMayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence TestoA performance based measure of the ability to deal effectively with emotionsrather than a measure of personality or temperamentoThis scale has been found to have ability to predict intelligent management ofemotions in real-world situationsThose with high emotional intelligence:oExperience better social interactions (a source of social support)oEnjoy better mental and physical healthoAre more effective leadersoAre more likely to use problem-focused coping strategies to deal with anxietyIn contrast, at work, low emotional intelligence is linked with burnoutExpressing emotionsoEfforts to actively suppress emotions, especially anger, tend to increase stress andphysiological arousal.oIn contrast, “emotional disclosure” is associated with better mood, more positiveself-perceptions, and better physical and mental health.Managing hostility and forgiving othersoTalks about people who forgave the Nazis in WWIIoHostility is related to increased risk for heart attacks and other illnessesoPositive reinterpretation can be used to manage hostility in annoying events,distraction and the kind of rational self-talk advocated by Ellis would help toooEfforts to increase empathy and tolerance can also help manage hostilityoForgiveness has become the temporary area of focus for research hereoPeople feel hostile when they have been “wronged” – their natural inclination isto seek revenge or to seek further contact with the person who offended themoForgiveness– “involves counteracting the natural tendencies to seek vengeanceor avoid an offender, thereby releasing this person from further liability for his orher transgression."oForgiving others goes counter to these instincts but is associated with betteradjustment and well-being.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Hazelwood
Tags
Albert Ellis, The Unconscious,

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