artillery. The Allies did it. After gaining a toehold at Normandy, the Allies began spreading out. Gen. George S. Patton led U.S. troops across the French countryside. Paris was liberated in August of 1944—a major morale boost for the Allies. It could be considered THE turning point because it was really the beginning of the end for Germany, which had declined significantly in power following D-Day. 32. Why was the choice of a vice-presidential candidate important and difficult for the democrats in 1944? FDR was aging and suffering from strain. It was highly possible that he would die in presidency; much like Woodrow Wilson did during the aftermath of WWI, and leave the US in chaos. FDR, aging under the strain, was the “indispensable man” of the Democrats. No other major figure was available, and the war was apparently grinding to its finale. He was nominated at Chicago on the first ballot by acclamation. But in a sense he was the “forgotten man” of the convention, for in view of his age, an unusual amount of attention was focused on the vice presidency. It was important that the Democrats chose a strong vice president just in case FDR died and the vice president would take over. Though the choice was difficult because multiple men were fit for the job, Harry S Truman was finally chosen and he won. 33. What factors led to Roosevelt's victory over Dewey? Roosevelt won a sweeping majority of the votes in the Electoral College and was reelected. He won primarily because the war was going well. Again, people did not want to change presidents in the middle of the war, and because FDR seemed to be winning the war, people wanted to stick with him. FDR did not need to campaign much. He got most of his money and funding through the CIO and PAC. Foreign policy was a decisive factor with many voters, who concluded that Roosevelt's experience was needed for making a future organization for world peace. 34. Describe the last six months of war in Europe. The Nazi army was on the retreat at this point. Hitler made one last big push at the Ardenne Forest. The Americans were surprised and pushed back; the result was a bulge in the battle line. The Americans held on at Bastogne. Reinforcements
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