The four steps in the labour relations process are: (a) Workers seek collective representation; (b) Union begins the organising process; (c) Collective negotiations lead to a contract; and (d) Contract is administered. The objectives of a labour union are: (a) To improve the living standards and economic status of its members; (b) To enhance and, if possible, guarantee individual security against threats and contingencies that might result from market fluctuations, technological change, or management decisions; (c) To influence power relations in the social system in ways that favours and do not threaten union gains and goals; (d) To advance the welfare of all who work for a living, whether union members or not; and (e) To create mechanisms to guard against the use of arbitrary policies and practices in the workplace. Individuals join unions for many reasons, such as dissatisfaction with management, compensation, job security, managementÊs attitude, need for a social outlet, opportunity for leadership, forced unionisation and peer pressure. There are five steps needed for a union organising campaign. The unionisation of employees can affect managers in a few ways Perhaps the most significant one is the effect it can have on the prerogative exercised by management in making decisions about employees. Furthermore, unionisation restricts the freedom of management to formulate policy unilaterally and can challenge the authority of supervisors. The most powerful level in the union structure is the national union. The national union is governed by a national constitution and a national convention of local unions, which usually meets every two or five years. Elected officers, aided by an administrative staff, conduct the day-to-day operation of the national union.
TOPIC 8 EMPLOYEE AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 233 The basic element in the structure of Malaysian labour movement is the local union (enterprise or in-house union). To the individual union member, it is the most important level in the structure of organised labour. Through the local union, the individual deals with the employer on a day-to-day basis. Some of them are affiliated with the national union. The union-free strategies and tactics are: (a) Effective first-line supervisors; (b) Union-free policy; (c) Effective communication; (d) Trust and openness; (e) Effective compensation programmes; (f) Healthy and safe work environment; and (g) Effective employee relations. The industrial relations system in Malaysia is largely shaped by the statutory provisions in the Trade Unions Act, 1959 and the Industrial Relations Act, 1967. Collective bargaining is a process that involves the negotiation, drafting, administration and interpretation of a written agreement between an employer and a union for a specific period.
- Fall '14
- Trade union