Cycles of such discipline whining giving in o Media violence Risks of media

Cycles of such discipline whining giving in o media

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Cycles of such discipline, whining/ giving inoMedia violenceRisks of media violenceoIncreases hostile thoughts & emotions, along with aggressive behavioroCreates short-term and long-term behavior problemsHelping children control aggressionoImproving parenting: incredible years approachoEncouraging children to attend to non-hostile social cuesoPromoting perspective takingoTeaching conflict-resolution skillsoLimiting exposure to media violence and home stressorsGender stereotypesoStrengthen and operate as blanket rules in early childhoodoPreschoolers associate toys, clothing, household items, occupations, behavior, and more with genderoYoung children’s rigid gender stereotypes are a joint product of gender stereotyping in the environment, and cognitive limitationsO’Brien 43
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Exploring Lifespan Development: NotesInfluences on gender typingoGeneticEvolutionary adaptivenessHormonesoEnvironmentalFamilyTeachersPeersBroader social environmentTheories of gender identityoSocial learningGender-typed behavior leads to gender identityoCognitive-developmentalSelf-perceptions (gender constancy) precede gender-typed behavioroGender schemaCombines social learning & cognitive-developmental featuresReducing gender stereotypingoDelay exposure to stereotyped messagesoLimit traditional gender rolesoProvide nontraditional modelsoEncourage flexible beliefsOutcomes of child-rearing stylesoAuthoritativeSelf-control, moral maturity, high self-esteemoAuthoritarianAnxiety, unhappiness, low self-esteem, anger, defianceoPermissiveImpulsivity, poor school achievementoUninvolvedDepression, anger, poor school achievementCultural variations in child-rearingoChineseShame, withholding praise in context of reasoning and affectionoHispanic/ Asian Pacific Islander/ CaribbeanFirm respect for parental authorityHigh parental warmthoLow-SES African-AmericanStrictness, immediate obedienceO’Brien 44
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Exploring Lifespan Development: NotesWarmth and reasoningChild maltreatmentoPhysical abuseAssaults resulting in physical injuryoSexual abuseFondling, intercourse, pornography, and other formsoNeglectFailing to meet children’s basic needsoEmotional abuseSocial isolation, unreasonable demands, humiliation, intimidation, and other formsFactors related to child maltreatmentoParent characteristicsoChild characteristicsoFamily characteristicsoCommunityoCultureConsequences of child maltreatmentoEmotionalPoor emotional self-regulationImpaired empathy/ sympathyDepressionoAdjustmentSubstance abuseViolent crimeoLearningImpaired working memory and executive functionLow academic motivationPreventing child maltreatmentoIntervening with high-risk parentsoSocial supports for familiesParents AnonymousHome visitation- Healthy Families AmericaO’Brien 45
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