7 3 european governments seemed unable to handle the

This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 33 pages.

73
European governments seemed unable to handle the crisis. The traditional approaches to handling economic crises seemed to only cause more problems. With the current governments unable to ease the pain and suffering of unemployment and inflation, Europeans began to be drawn to totalitarianleaders who made promises about economic recovery. Totalitarianism is a political system in which all authority is in the hands of the state. In a totalitarian society, all control of public and private life are government run. In Stalin’s totalitarian communist government there was no ownership of private property. In totalitarian fascistthere is private property and free enterprise with often severe restrictions. Although fascist governments differed, they had many characteristics in common such as extreme militaristic nationalism, a rejection of democracy, a belief in natural social hierarchy, and the limitation of individual rights. Fascist governments used violence, propaganda and intimidation to promote their ideas and to justify their control of every aspect of life. In a fascist government Europe’s first fascist leader was Benito Mussolini of Italy. How did the Great Depression lead to the rise of totalitarian leaders?What is the difference between a totalitarian communist government and a totalitarian fascist government? What are the similarities?8
How did Hitler gain, consolidate and maintain power in Germany after the Great Depression?Objectives:Describe how Hitler gained, consolidated and maintained power in Germany after the Great Depression.1930-1933: The Rise of the Nazi Party and Hitler Becomes Chancellor ofGermanyHitler salutes Nazis in Weimar – 1930Image is courtesy of wikimedia commons and is licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution-Share Alike 3.0 Germanylicense.Hitler in a NSDAP meeting – 1930Image is courtesy of wikimedia commons andis licensed under the CreativeCommonsAttribution-Share Alike 3.0 GermanylicenseHitler poses for the camera, 1930Image is courtesy of wikimedia commons andis licensed under the CreativeCommonsAttribution-Share Alike 3.0 GermanylicenseDirections:Read the excerpt and examine the graphic. Respond to the question. In the early 1930s, the mood in Germany was depressing and hopeless. Unemployment rose from 4 million to 6 million in 1931 and inflation continued. The worldwide economic depression hit many countries hard, however, Germany was not only suffering from economic problem, the country was also suffering from the loss of confidence due to being defeated in World War I. The Germans lacked confidence in democracy and the Weimar Republic which they came to believe was too weak to pull the country out of these troubles. The economic problems and the German loss of faith in the Weimar Republic’s democracy provided the perfect opportunity for Adolf Hitler and his Nazi party to gain power. Hitler was an excellent speaker and often gave speeches that targeted those Germans who were desperate for change such as the unemployed, young

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture