A_Global_Protocol_on_Cybersecurity_and_Cybercrime.pdf

In the final diplomatic conference in rome 47 other

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In the final diplomatic conference in Rome, 47 other serious crimes such as terrorism crimes were discussed, but the conference regretted that no generally acceptable defini- tion could be agreed upon. The conference recognized that terrorist acts are serious crimes of concern to the international community, and recommended that a review con- ference pursuant to the article 123 of the Statute of the International Criminal Court consider such crimes with the view of their inclusion in the list within the jurisdiction of the Court. Article 4: Measures for the Global Cooperation and Exchange of Information Commentary: The individual countries in each region around the world are members of the United Nations. In addition, most of the countries are also members of regional organizations within their region. But there is no “umbrella” organization or institution only for the regional organizations. Regional organizations may also want to exchange information on common problems and find relevant solutions on many issues of mutual and global concern. A global forum for international or regional organizations and relevant pri- vate industry should be established. The regional organizations have also recognized that a dialog between the organizations and relevant private companies is important. With regard to cybersecurity and cybercrime, the purpose would be to discuss, ex- change information and approach a common understanding or coordination on princi- ples and standards for the global combat against cybercrime. That includes massive and 46 See www.un.org/law/icc/statute/99_corr/2.htm 47 Final Act of the United Nations diplomatic conference of plenipotentiaries on the establishment of an International Criminal Court, Rome July 17, 1998 (U.N. Doc. A/CONF.183/10)
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60 coordinated cyber attacks against countries critical information infrastructure, and against terrorists misuse of the Internet. The regional organizations may then be able to assist and make guidelines for their member countries within the regional traditions. Several regional organizations have been identified, and at least 12 organizations are of relevance for reaching a common understanding and coordination on principles and standards for the global combat against cybercrime. These are, but not limited to: G 8 Group of States, Council of Europe, Organization of American States (OAS), Asia Pa- cific Economic Cooperation (APEC), The League of Arab States, African Union, The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), The Common- wealth, European Union, Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), NATO, and The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). In addition, global organizations such as the International Telecommunication Un- ion (ITU), INTERPOL and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) should share partnerships with the organizations. Such a group could be called the O-15 Group of Organizations.
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