This caused increase in production cost or in other

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having lesser productivity and requires frequent maintenance. This caused increase in production cost or, in other term, increase the conversion cost from fi bre to yarn. Almost all the jute industries are still concentrating on the traditional products such as jute sacks and hessian. In the era of synthetics, similar synthetic products are offering in the market of at least few folds lesser in price. This creates stiffer competition in the existing market. The probable solution is to move towards diversi fi cation from the conventional products. It has been proven that through diversi fi cation, there is always higher cost-to-bene fi t ratio. Day by day, the cost of fi bre production (cultivation and fi bre extraction) becomes increasing, as a result the jute mill owners fi nd dif fi cult to push their products in the competitive market. Unlike other agricultural produces, the cultivable land is reducing due to the expansion of the urbanization. On the other hand, the farming community is also shifting from jute to other crops due to uncertainty of the rain. The jute retting process requires a huge quantity of water. Due to the climate change and change in the rainfall pattern, the farmers are suffering from scarcity of water during the retting season of jute fi bre. As a result, the cost of fi bre is increasing every day. Sustainability in Jute-based Industries 145
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On the contrary, due to advancement of science and technology, the synthetic products are becoming cheaper at the cost of environmental. Many of the jute industries are being closed few months of a year due to shortage of raw material (jute fi bre). Even the quality of the fi bre produced in low water retting decreases the quality of the retted jute fi bre. On the one hand, industry fi nds stiff competition with similar synthetic products in the market with lower cost, and on the other hand, the existing jute fi bre is not suf fi ciently in good quality. Only countable industries are involved in diversi fi ed product development process for commercial purposes. These products are mostly polyethylene-/ polypropylene-laminated jute fabric (raw hessian fabric, bleached fabric, printed fabric, dyes fabric, etc.). Compared to these products, much lesser quantity of jute-cotton-blended fi ne fabric dyed, designed, laminated or non-laminated fabrics are being produced. These decorative fabrics are mostly used for diversi fi ed fashion bag and utility bags (water bottle bag, win bottle bag, tea coaster, shopping bag, school bag, backpack, soft luggage bag, etc.), material for home decoration (window/door curtain, table cover, lamp shed, furnishing material, etc.), car inter lining (seat cover, inner roof top, foot mat/carpet, inner lining of door, etc.) and other fashion products. Jute non-woven and woven materials are used for the development of polyester resin fi bre-reinforced composite material for different industrial applications in automobile industry as car door panel, dash board, etc.
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  • Fall '19
  • environmental sustainability

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