D1-The-Ultimate-Student’s-Guide-to-Preparing-for-the-AP-Spanish-Language-Exam-v2.pdf

You should dedicate a good amount of time to these

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word “for” in English. You should dedicate a good amount of time to these two words and make a point to include them in your Spanish practice to better understand how they are used. b. Ser/Estar These two words are even more difficult to understand than por and para . English speakers who are fluent in Spanish still commonly make errors in identifying which verb to use in certain contexts. Luckily, both of these verbs mean “to be” in English. That being said, the easiest way to identify which word you should use comes from the permanence of “being.” That sounds philosophical, but it is actually really easy to understand. When describing something permanent or long-lasting, you should use “ ser. ” Likewise, when something is temporary or short lived, you should use “ estar .” For example, when a person describes what they do for work, they are probably hoping that the job will be permanent or last a lifetime. Therefore, “I am a teacher” would translate to “ Soy profesor .” A more complex version of this concept comes from the state of a person versus the quality of a person. A person’s state is temporary, whereas a person’s quality is permanent. In English, we distinguish this by changing the word order: A person can be happy or they can be a happy person.
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How to Study for AP Spanish Language Cont. 30 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] In Spanish, describing a person that is happy would be “ La persona está feliz .” Meanwhile, a happy person would be “ La persona es feliz .” In this way, you can see the difference in permanence between the two words. Studying these two verbs will help you understand the common errors that occur among English speakers who are learning Spanish. The distinction is especially important because it can often be completely wrong (and therefore would make no sense) or completely change the meaning of the sentence. 3. Past Tense . The past tense in Spanish changes according to temporal aspects, much like ser and estar . The two most common past tense conjugations are the imperfect (preterite imperfect) or preterite (perfect preterite). They are often confused in English because the distinction simply does not exist. The imperfect is used most often for actions that are being described in the past as continuous and without an indicated end. For example, “I worked on the project” would be “ Trabajaba en el proyecto .” The use of the imperfect tense means that you are still working on the project today or otherwise lacks an action that indicated completion of the project. The preterite therefore indicates a completed action in the past. As an example, “I worked on the project” would be “ Trabajé en el proyecto .” In this case, you worked on the project until completion. The two aspects can work together to describe different events in the past and how they are related; for example, Trabajaba en el proyecto, pero mi jefe me despidió .” In this case, the action was continuous until it was interrupted by another action. The continuous action (“I
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