4 pour lunion europ é enne dans son ensemble le ch

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4. Pour l'Union europ é enne dans son ensemble, le ch ô mage atteignait en 1996 12.6 % pour les travailleurs faiblement qualifi é s, 8.6 % pour les travailleurs moyennement qualifi é s et 5.9 % pour les travailleurs hautement qualifi é s (Eurostat, 1997). 5. Selon Olson (1982), le fait que les pays fonctionnant par consensus sont de moins en moins capables de faire face à l'ajustement structurel est d û essentiellement à l'accrois- sement du pouvoir de groupes d'int é r ê t particuliers qui font obstacle à l'efficience glo- bale de l' é conomie. 6. Dans le cas de l'UE, on n'a pas pu obtenir de chiffres fiables pour 1990, parce que l'ach è - vement du march é int é rieur en 1992 a entra î n é de profondes modifications des statisti- ques commerciales. Depuis 1993, la couverture statistique des é changes intra-UE est bien plus é troite qu'auparavant. Par cons é quent, une comparaison des parts intrar é gio- nales de 1990 et de 1996 n'aurait aucun sens.
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L ’é conomie mondiale de demain : vers un essor durable ? 152 OCDE 1999 Bibliographie BANQUE MONDIALE (1995), Rapport sur le d é veloppement dans le monde. Washington, D.C. BAYOUMI, Tamin (1999), « Is There a World Capital Market? » in Horst Siebert (dir. publ.), Globalization and Labor, Kiel Week Conference 1998. T ü bingen. BHAGWATI, Jagdish (1989), Protectionism . Cambridge, MA. CAIRNCROSS, Frances (1997), The Death of Distance . Boston. EUROSTAT (1997), Enqu ê te sur les forces de travail. R é sultats 1996. Luxembourg. FELDSTEIN, Martin et Charles HORIOKA (1980), « Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows » , The Economic Journal, vol. 90, pp. 314-329. FONDS MON É TAIRE INTERNATIONAL (derniers num é ros), Balance of Payments Statistics. Yearbook, Part II, Washington, D.C. GREIDER, William (1997), One World, Ready or Not: The Manic Logic of Global Capitalism . New York. GUNDLACH, Erich and Peter NUNNENKAMP (1997), « Labor Markets in the Global Economy: How to Prevent Rising Wage Gaps and Unem- ployment » . Kiel Discussion Papers, 305. HABERLER, Gottfried (1955), A Survey of International Trade Theory . Princeton. KLODT, Henning (1998), « Globalisierung Ph ä nomen und empirische Relevanz » in K.-E. Schenk, D. Schmidtchen et M.E. Streit (dirs. publ.), Globalisierung, Systemwettbewerb und nationalstaat- liche Politik. Jahrbuch f ü r Neue Politische Ö konomie, 17. Band. KLODT, Henning (1997), « The Transition to the Service Society » , Kiel Working Papers, 839. KLODT, Henning (1988), « International Trade, Direct Investment, and Regulations in Services » , World Competition , Vol. 12 (2): 49-67. LORZ, Oliver (1997), « A Bertrand Model of Wage Competition With Capital Mobility » , Economic Letters 56: 339-343.
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Mondialisation de la concurrence : catalyseurs et contraintes 153 OCDE 1999 MAURER, Rainer (1998) Economic Growth and International Trade with Capital Goods: Theories and Empirical Evidence. T ü bingen: Kieler Studien, 289. MICHAELY, M., D. PAPAGEORGIOU and A.M. CHOSKI (1991), Liberalizing Foreign Trade: Lessons of Experience in the Developing World. Cambridge, MA.
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