Supports premise that these 5 dimensions of personality may be rooted in

Supports premise that these 5 dimensions of

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Supports premise that these 5 dimensions of personality may be rooted in biology.
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Average Big 5 scores in 56 nationsBig 5 FactorHighLowOpennessChile, BelgiumEast Asia(Japan, Hong Kong)ConscientiousnessAfricaEast AsiaExtraversionEastern Europe(Serbia, Croatia)Bangladesh, FranceAgreeablenessAfricaEast AsianNeuroticismEast Asia(Japan, Hong Kong)AfricaResearchers in China have identified some different factors from the Big 5- Interpersonal relatedness- Dependability
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How Genes Affect Personality: Twin Studies
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Traits Beyond Five-factor ModelMachiavellianismImmoral self-interestNeed for AchievementNeed for CognitionAuthoritarianismNarcissismSelf-esteemOptimismAlexithymia (social-emotional competence)
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Person-Situation DebateWalter Mischel: Personality and AssessmentSituation > Traits?More like: Situation + Traits
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The Marshmallow TestDelay of GratificationStanford University, late 1960+ (Walter Mischel), original n= 500+, follow-up around every 10 yearsCould they wait 15 minutes?
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OutcomesKids who could wait longer (i.e. could delay gratification) tended to have:Higher SAT scoresGreater educational attainmentHigher self-worthAbility to cope with stress
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  • Spring '14
  • AlexisJ.Kramer
  • Big Five personality traits, McCrae

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