136.Amy describes her friend Duffy by saying, “She’s fun to be around because she’s funny and has good ideas, but she’s often insensitive to how others feel.” Amy is most likely about ____ years old. a.2c.10b.7d.16 137.When Sami is asked about what other people think of her, she has a very difficult time answering, because she can’t seem to take her friend’s perspective when looking at herself. What would Piaget call Sami’s difficulty? 211
138.In what stage of perspective-taking are children most egocentric? 139.Helen is upset because she thinks that her teacher views her argument with Mary as being silly. According to Selman, Helen is most likely in the ____ stage of perspective-taking. 140.Prejudice is best described as a.a limitation placed on a person because he or she belongs to some group.b.hating yourself because of who you are.c.a negative view of others based on their group membership.d.the ability to put yourself into the “shoes” of another person. 141.Once Jim finds out that Henri is from France, he immediately dislikes him because he thinksFrench people are not trustworthy. What term best describes Jim’s view of Henri? 142.During adolescence, as preference for your own group intensifies, the likelihood of prejudice 143.Which explanation best explains the reason for changes in prejudice during adolescence?
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- Spring '09
- d., c., negative reinforcement trap