While the discourse of Deaf Culture and ethnicity in the 1980s and early 1990s

While the discourse of deaf culture and ethnicity in

This preview shows page 10 - 12 out of 32 pages.

While the discourse of Deaf Culture and ethnicity in the 1980s and early 1990s was largely about defining Deaf as a single axis of identity, the 1990s brought about rec- ognition of the complex relationship with the wider world. Rutherford noted that the concept of “subculture” would be more accurate if only the term would not be taken Figure I.1. Diagram of Deaf cultural identifica- tions. Reprinted with permission from Dennis Cokely and Charlotte Baker-Shenk, American Sign Language: A Teacher’s Resource Text on Curricu- lum, Methods, and Evaluation (Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press, 1991), 18. Copyright 1980 by Dennis Cokely and Charlotte Baker-Shenk. <i>Open Your Eyes : Deaf Studies Talking</i>, edited by H-Dirksen L. Bauman, University of Minnesota Press, 2007. ProQuest Ebook Central, . Created from washington on 2019-09-21 14:41:03. Copyright © 2007. University of Minnesota Press. All rights reserved.
Image of page 10
11 I N T R O D U C T I O N negatively, while Turner suggested the model of a Deaf “microculture” that coexists within a larger cultural world. 58 Padden noted that the 1980s discourse of Deaf Culture had begun to shift toward the “bicultural” model. “To talk of the ‘bicultural’ is not to talk about an additive state, to be of two cultures, but more about states of tensions. Deaf people coexist, indeed work, with hearing people in different ways today than they did thirty or forty years ago.” 59 This evolving cultural identification was the impe- tus for MJ Bienvenu and Betty Colonomos to form The Bicultural Center in 1987, an activist organization dedicated to promote understanding of bicultural education and qualified ASL teaching and interpreting. The Bicultural News was published quarterly until 1994, featuring articles and opinion pieces on the politics and realities of Deaf bi- cultural life. The shift from the cultural to the bicultural is indicative of the dynamic nature of identity construction. Where there was once the central focus on the right way to be Deaf, the complexities of Deaf identity could not be ignored. “The reality of the ‘authen- tic’ Deaf person is one that holds for just about any modern individual — it is an ideal. Not surprisingly, such individuals are not numerous.” 60 In fact, their numbers may be shrinking since, in reality, less than 4 percent of deaf children are born to one or more deaf parent, and further, the commanding majority of deaf children are educated in mainstream schools instead of separate deaf residential schools. 61 In 1989–90, 23 per- cent of deaf children were educated in residential schools compared to 13.6 percent in 2003–4. 62 Increasingly, the disconnect became more obvious between the rhetoric of an au- thentic Deaf identity and the reality that most people do not fit this model. The majority of Deaf people do not come from Deaf families. There are those who are Deaf of hear- ing families, Deaf of mixed families, hard of hearing from Deaf families, hard of hearing from hearing families, hearing of Deaf families, spouses, siblings, friends, and as many
Image of page 11
Image of page 12

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 32 pages?

  • Summer '18
  • Monroe
  • deaf bookbinder

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors