Important dimensions of the case module 14 court

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Anderson's Business Law and the Legal Environment, Comprehensive Volume
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important dimensions of the case. Module 1.4 Court Organization Objectives 1. Describe the structure of the US legal system, including jurisdiction
14
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Anderson's Business Law and the Legal Environment, Comprehensive Volume
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 2
Anderson's Business Law and the Legal Environment, Comprehensive Volume
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different systems. There’s a distinct court hierarchy at both the state and federal levels. States often have limited jurisdiction courts (such as traffic courts), trial courts, appellate courts, and supreme courts. At the federal level, there are trial courts and appellate courts, and the U.S. Supreme Court. STATE court structure 1. Courts of limited jurisdiction (lowest-level courts) 2. Courts of general jurisdiction Are frequently called superior courts 3. Intermediate appellate courts 4. State supreme court (highest court) FEDERAL court structure 1. District courts (lowest courts at the federal level) 2. U.S. Courts of Appeals 3. U.S. Supreme Court Selection of Judges The Federal Court System The State Court System The Constitution states that federal judges are to be nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. They hold office during good behavior typically, for life. Through Congressional impeachment proceedings, federal judges may be removed from office for misbehavior. Some court judges are selected in a variety of ways, including: 1. Election 2. Appointment for a given # of years 3. Appointment for life 4. Combos of these methods, e.g., appointment followed by election Types of Cases Heard The Federal Court System The State Court System 1. Cases that deal with the constitutionality of a law 2. Cases involving laws and treaties of the US 3. Cases involving ambassadors and public ministers 1. Most criminal cases, probate (involving wills and estates) 2. Most contract cases, tort cases (personal injuries), family law (marriages, divorces, adoptions), etc. 15
4. Disputes between 2 or more states 5. Admiralty law 6. Bankruptcy 7. Habeas corpus issues State courts are the final arbiters of state laws and constitutions. Their interpretation of federal law or the US Constitution may be appealed to the US Supreme Court. The Supreme Court may choose to hear or not to hear

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