TORCH disease “ blueberry muffin babies ” purpura in the neonate exposed to rubella (and other disease)
Varicella Zoster “chicken pox” Caused by the varicella zoster virus Virus lives dormant in the nerves and can reappear as shingles later in life Varicella zoster virus is aka herpes zoster virus Causes a vesicular rash all over the body Spread through airborne droplets (negative pressure room), highly contagious Contagious as long as have fluid filled vesicles o After rupture & crusty, not contagious In addition to the rash, causes anorexia, fatigue, aches, general malaise Very itchy Itch-relief measures – oatmeal baths, keep cool, Tylenol Human Papilloma Virus Virus that causes cervical cancer and some oral, penile and anal cancers Several strains of the virus Adolescent vaccine o Garadsil vaccine – boys & girls; series of 3 Must keep patient in office for 20 minutes after vaccinating as there have been some reports of fainting Meningococcemia Systemic bacterial infection caused by Neisseria meningitidis
Multiple strains vaccine-preventable Cause of meningitis and sepsis Rapid on-set Dermatological manifestation of non- blanchable petechial rash (bacteria cause inappropriate clotting of blood and tissue damage) that leads to larger, dispersed patches of purple-back patching Highly contagious and deadly (cold be HSP?) Spread through droplets always precautions first (gown, glove, mask) Influenza Viral illness causing coughing, rhinorrhea, headache, general malaise, muscle ache, trouble breathing (not gastroenteritis) Multiple strains and different mutations every year Flu season is generally defined as October-April Yearly vaccination with “best guess” strains included Shot can be given beginning at age 6 months, but give in two doses , 4 weeks apart the first time the child receives it
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- Spring '17