Grant did not acknowledge pre existing rights of Cree Saulteaux Assiniboine

Grant did not acknowledge pre existing rights of cree

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Grant did not acknowledge pre-existing rights of Cree, Saulteaux, Assiniboine, Métis; Selkirk Treaty 1817 4 Chiefs granted a tract of land to Europeans in exchange for an annual payment of tobacco; not a land surrender Incident at Seven Oaks - 1814 Pemmican Proclamation - Prohibition to export pemmican - Governor Miles Macdonell and Robert Semple - June 19 1816 open conflict, 35 Métis led by Cuthbert Grant confronted Semple and 26 volunteers - “when the smoke cleared,” Semple and all his men were dead, one Métis dead - Known “a massacre” after 1867 - Pierre Falcon song - Historian Lyle Dick, on the changing historiography - Métis frustrated with HBC monopoly, Métis denied clerical /managerial positions; half the earnings of Scottish employees; defending their livelihood & land Metis challenge to HBC - Métis agitation for free trade - Effectively breaking the HBC monopoly in 1849 - Pierre Guillaume Sayer case - Conviction for illegal trading - Armed demonstration outside the courthouse forced HBC from enforcing monopoly Merger of the HBC and NWC - 1821 - Violence - Competition
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- Incorporation of heads of both companies - Montreal supply route abandoned - Retirees settle in Red River Mid 19th century at Red River - Growing settlement - Remaining Selkirk settlers - “Countryborn” Anglo-Métis - Métis - Canadians - Retirement of fur traders and their families - 1840s-1850s further west in search of buffalo, Métis hivernants (winterers) Buffalo Hunting - Robert Welsh, The Last Buffalo Hunter (book) Disappearing Buffalo - How to explain the disappearance of the herds? - Textbook? Norbert Welsh? (p.331) Gerhard Ens? - Evidence? - 1879 the buffalo disappears as a free roaming species on the Canadian side of the border; 1883 disappears from the US side Assigned Reading - Greg Gillespie, “‘I was well pleased with our sport among the buffalo’: Big Game Hunters, Travel Writing and Cultural Imperialism in British North American West, 1847-72” - Exploration, travel narratives - Hunting narratives - Outsiders as eye-witnesses & experts - The taking of the land through stories, mapping, naming, science - big game hunters and “reckless slaughter” - William Francis Butler (pic) Recent Historiography - The disappearance of the buffalo herds as a free roaming species by 1879 on the Canadian side, by 1883 on the American side of the border - Blaming the Métis (Krech, The Ecological Indian) - William Dobak (blaming Indigenous hunters) - Qualitative history - Rewriting how we remember
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Historian, Sylvia van Kirk - George Simpson, Governor 1821 - Betsy Sinclair - Margaret Taylor - 1830 Simpson goes England comes back married to his cousin Frances - Frances Simpson does not stay long in Indian country, but the coming of white women changed the status of Indigenous and Métis women -
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