-William Still the best known agent on the underground railroad. The best conductor was Harriet Tubman who never lost a fugitive. -Those who aided fugitive slaves or refused to help in their capture engaged in civil disobedience: refusal to obey a law that one consider unjust. -Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stowe illustrated a sentimental but graphic depiction of slavery’s devastating effects on families, building empathy with slavery’s victims in order to increase support for abolition. Confrontations in Kansas and the Courts-Kansas-Nebraska Act: the people who settled their would vote to determine if the states would be a free or a slave state. -Fights over this
-Dred Scott Vs Sanford Case slaves sued owner for their freedom because they had lived in Wisconsin with their master where slavery was forbidden before he moved them to Missouri. Court ruled in favor of Sanford slaves were property and had no say in their rights. And they were inferior Emigration and Insurrection -Delany proposed the establishment of a black nation outside the USA considered the father of black nationalism: the belief that African Americans were a nation within a nation that required some form of self determination -In 1859-1860 joined by Robert Campbell a Jamaican chemist Delany explored the Niger River Valley (West Africa) in search of a site for a black American emigrant settlement. -Failed in 1850 American Colonization Society sponsored the migration of several thousand blacks to Liberia others 101 left to Hatia with the help of priest James Theodore Holly -1859 John Brown plan to incite a slave insurrection an uprising throughout the South. -John Brown’s raid viewed as madmad or martyrs°
Chapter 7: Freedom Rising The Civil War 1861-1865 11/27/2016°The coming of war and the seizing of freedom 1861-1862°-Lincoln elected president Nov 1860 °-States of Confederacy withdrew from the Union to protect the institution of slavery. Northern free blacks hoped war would end slavery. °-Union was willing to accept slavery where it already existed opposing only the extension of slavery into the territories. °-Lincoln and Congress were forced to put in places politics and practices that pointed toward general emancipation °°War Aims and Battlefield Realities °- 1860 South Carolina a secession, because the North’s interference with slavery repeated northern condemnations of slavery as sinful °-Confederates of Americas: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas met in Montgomery Alabama and wrote a constitution that protected slavery. °-March 4 1861 Lincoln delivered his inaugural speech said he had no intention of interfering with states where slavery was an institution. But no state can get out of the union. °-Lincoln believed secession had to be overturned. Union had to be respected and maintained. °-Lincoln raised the issue of provisioning Fort Sumter it should be resupplied. South Carolina refused . Civil War begins.