Memorization Students are asked to memorize newwords, grammatical rules, and verbconjugation Principles and Techniques Fill-in-the-blanks Teacher give students sentences withword missing Students should fill in the blankswith the new vocabulary or with aparticular grammar type Principles and Techniques Use words in sentences Students are asked to make up sentenceswith the new words they learn in thetext This technique can show whetherstudents really understand the newwords Principles and Techniques Composition Students are asked to write acomposition in the target language The topic is based on some aspect ofthe reading passage 6 Direct Method. Principles and techniques. 1. Direct Method of Language Teaching “Teach the language not about the language” 2. Direct Method is also known as:Natural Method Phonetical MethodAnti-Grammatical Reform Method Method 3. Background• In the mid and late 19 century, Europe experienced a wave of increasing opportunities of communication, due to industrialization and international trade and travel.•• A need was felt to develop oral proficiency in foreign languages.• Language teachers had already found Grammar-translation method inadequate and ineffective in developing communicative ability in learners.They strongly advocate an alternative method in which language was presented in contexts and the mother tongue was avoided.• Its principal advocates were Pendergast and Sauveur who proposed what they called Natural Method that suggest radical change from Grammar- translation. It is this method that later on came to be known as the Direct Method
5. Direct MethodThe Direct Method is named “direct” because meaning should be connected directly with the target language without translation into the native language. Concept/ Target Meaning language L1 Target concept language 6. Theoretical Assumption: • Language can be learnt only through demonstration. Instead of analytical procedures of explaining grammar rules, students must be encourage to use language naturally and spontaneously so that they induce grammar. :• The learning of second language was seen as parallel to the acquisition of the childs first language.• This method therefore emphasize the importance of sounds , simple sentences and direct association of language with object and person of immediate environment- the classroom, the home, the garden, etc. 8. Basic Principles• 1. Classroom instruction is conducted exclusively in the target language. The teacher should demonstrate, not explain or translate.• NEVER TRANSLATE:• DEMONSTRATE 2. Only everyday vocabulary and sentences are taught.• BASIC VOCABULARY IS GIVEN FIRST 3. Vocabulary is taught through known words, demonstration, authentic objects (realia), pictures, and miming.
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- Fall '17
- Aigul Tatimova
- The American, Vowel