-Republicans have dominated the state legislature since the early 2000s.
-Since the 1980s, Texans have been consistently supportive of Republican candidates
-Presidential Republicanism began after a split between conservative and liberal
Democrats during the 1952 presidential election.
By the late 1990s, most conservative Democrats had either been
replaced by Republicans or had joined the Republican Party,
giving the Republicans a solid majority in the legislature.
Jimmy Carter carried Texas in the 1976 presidential election and
is the last Democratic candidate for president to win the state.
Conservative Democrats followed the example of Governor Allan
Shivers in voting for Republican Dwight Eisenhower in the 1952
election and for Republican presidential candidates more regularly
for the next two decades.
Urban areas have become reliable Democratic strongholds as the
population has grown and diversified in recent decades.
The Republican Party has experienced deep divisions between
the religious right and economic conservatives.
The Republican Party has enjoyed dominance in state politics
since the early 1990s but faces future challenges due to internal
divisions and a changing state population.
Identify the functions of political parties.
-Political parties are held accountable to the electorate.
-Political parties raise money for candidates' campaigns.
-Political parties select candidates to run as members of the party.
Members of political parties tend to stick together; therefore,
their fortunes can rise and fall together. However, in Texas, where
one party is dominant, holding the party accountable can be
Political parties assist candidates in raising funds to run for
Parties hold primary elections to select candidates to run for
office under the party label.
Political parties do not seek to persuade officials to support
policy positions like interest groups do because affiliated officials
are already supportive of the party’s positions.