Florence Nightingale is considered the founder of professional nursing. Her work laid the foundation for modern nursing. She developed organized training for nurses and established the first nursing school in 1860. She also used statistical methods to advocate for better sanitary conditions in hospitals (Cherry & Jacob, 2017). Her theory of practice emphasized the environment as a role in the health and care of a patient. She emphasized the use of clean food, water and air and how they impact the recovery process. She believed the environment could have a negative or positive effect on recovery and by manipulating that environment, a patient could better heal ("Florence Nightingale - Nursing Theorist," n.d.).
TASK 1 4 B1. Differences in Contributions Florence Nightingale focused on tangible factors affecting care of the patient like cleanliness, proper elimination and nutrients. She advocated for proper sanitation in hospitals and proper hand hygiene. Things we all recognize today as the very basic foundation to nursing care. Because this was at the beginning of any nursing standards, it paved the path for greater advancement in nursing care and specialized theories Peplau on the other hand, focused on the psychological care of the patient. She emphasized a nurse-patient relationship and how it contributes to health. This theory was developed almost a hundred years after Florence Nightingales theory as nursing became more specialized. B2. Description of Historical Figures Florence Nightingale made major advancements in nursing care. The most basic needs of the patient are efficient drainage, cleanliness and appropriate nutrition. At work, we record the percentage of meals eaten, if the patient showered and if they had a bowel movement. We record this to identify if the patient is meeting basic needs or completing activities of daily living (ADL). This is a very basic measurement of a patient’s overall health and a sign of deterioration if these change. Peplau’s theory of interpersonal relations is very important as a psychiatric nurse. I use communication every day and it is usually the majority of my patient care. I discuss triggers and coping skills with all of my patients in order to create an effective and individualized care plan. Stressors and triggers can be a difficult and sensitive issue to discuss with a patient and establishing a relationship is key to providing patient centered care. I also use communication to deescalate angry or aggressive patients. I often rely on my rapport with patients to help
TASK 1 5 deescalate situations. Without a nurse-patient trusting relationship, I am just a stranger to the patient and that could make a tense situation worse or an ineffective plan of care, which will not benefit the individual. C. State Board of Nursing Versus ANA The American Nurses Association (ANA) represents all registered nurses in America, no matter the specialty or region they work. The ANA establishes standards of nursing practice, ethical practice, and advocates for the rights of nurses in the workplace. The ANA is comprised
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- Fall '15
- Nursing, Ana, Cherry, National Council of State Boards of Nursing, California Board of Registered Nursing