○ Encompasses the available preparation time preceding a major competition ○ Identifies all lead up competitions and major events prior to a major competition ○ Provides an overview of what is to happen in terms of long-term training and preparation. ● Microcycle - are short training cycles containing specific details and usually cover a period of about 7-10 days.
○ Allows for detailed planning and specific objectives to be achieved. ○ Should include detailed information about frequency of training, intensity, duration and volume together with skills, activities, resistance training, etc. ○ Used to focus on specific aspects of performance ○ Used as building blocks to achieve macrocycle goals. Peaking - ● Peaking - the phase of training in which performance is optimised to meet the demands of a race, competition or series. ● Coaches and athletes should plan to peak at the most important stage of competition. ● Requires the athlete to have great general body conditioning, good sports specific condition and great skill execution with good strategies and tactics ● Athlete should also be mentally focused and have optimum arousal levels. ● Requires intense training (with gradual increases in volume and intensity) followed by tapering period. ● EG) an Olympian wants to peak during the Olympics, not during national or local events. Tapering - ● Tapering - the period immediately before competition when the volume and intensity of training is reduced. ● Allows tissue to rebuild and for the full replacement of energy stores ● Tapering after a quality preparation can bring about increases in strength and power → effect varies for differing athlete (ie. profound in swimming, less obvious in runners) ● Tapering allows the body to repair itself and reduces the risk of overtraining, while removing the threat of reversibility and a reduction in training benefits ● Tapering allows for a full recovering allowing the athlete to perform their best. ● EG) decreasing training loads prior to a grand final Sports-Specific Subphases - ● Sport Specific Subphases - the selection of what is focused on during the subphases of competition in order to cater for specific skills of sport. ● Provide an opportunity to target specific areas that require further development. ● EG) netball player need to have a micro and meso cycles that will focus on the skills of catching, passing and shooting, along with fitness components of speed, agility and power Students Learn About: Students Learn To: ● Elements to be considered when designing a training session - Health and safety considerations - Providing an overview of the session to athletes (goal-specific) - Warm up and cool down - Skill instruction and practice - Conditioning - Evaluation ● Examine different methods of structuring training sessions.
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