Chapter 9 europeanlmperiaiism 247 you may hope for

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crucible out of which comes the finer metal. Chapter 9 Europeanlmperiaiism 247 You may hope for atime when the sword shall be turned inca the ploughshare, when Ameri- can and German and English traders shall no longer compete in the markets of the world for their raw material and for their food supply, when the white man and the dark shall share the soil between them, and each till it as he lists [pleases]. But, believe me, when that day comes mankind wiH no longer progress; there will be nothing tocheck the fertility of inferior stock; the relentless lawof heredity will not be controlled and guided by natural selection. Man will stagnate. The ... great function of science in national life... istoshow uswhat narionallife means,and how the nation isavast organism subject. to the great forces of evolution. . There is a struggle of race against race and of nation against nation. In the early days of that Strug- gle it was ablind, unconscious struggle ofbar- baric tribes. At the present day, in the case of the civilized white man, it has become more and more rhe conscious, carefully directed at- tempt of the nation to fit itself to a continu- ously changing environment. The nation has to foresee how and where the struggle will be carried on; the maintenance of national posi- tion is becoming more and more a conscious preparation for changing conditions, an insight into the needs ofcoming environments. ... If a nation is to maintain its position in this struggle, it must be fully provided with trained brains in every department of national activity, from the government to the factory, and have, if possible, a reserve 0/ brain and physique to fall back upon in times of national crisis. You will see that my view-and I think it may be called the scientific view of a nation- isthat ofan organized whole, kept up to ahigh pitch of internal efficiency by insuring that its numbers are substantially recruited from the better srocks, and kept up to a high pitch of external efficiency bycontest. chiefly byway of war with inferior races, and with equal races by the struggle for trade-routes and for the
I 1. What nationalisticviews were expressed In Cecil Rhodes' "Confession of Faith"?

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