Our reactor designers at bhabha atomic research

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Our reactor designers at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and NPCIL have completed the design of a 900 MW reactor using enriched uranium as fuel, designated as the Indian Pressurised Water Reactor (IPWR ). Enriched uranium fuel can be sourced from international suppliers, as such reactors can be placed under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards . By about 2025 or so, India may itself supply enriched uranium from its own enrichment facilities. The government‟s push for 10 IPWRs will secure India a position of nucle ar power plant supplier not only for application in India, but also as a potential exporter . GS II : POLITY 2. Should Hindi be the sole official language of India? Clearly state your stand with justification. On January 26, 1950 our Constitution came into effect. Article 343 gave Hindi the honour of „official language‟ (Rajbhasha). There are 22 Indian languages in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. India, with a population of 125 crore, has Hindi spoken by more than 50% of the population and understood by 20% of the non-Hindi-speaking population . Hindi is naturally the lingua franca of India. When one starts looking at the question of Hindi‟s claim to be recognised as the national language of India, the following four obvious factors need to be taken into consideration: 1. One, Hindi is not the natural language of a majority of States in India. These include Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka in the south; Goa, Maharastra and Gujarat in the west; Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir in the north-west; Odisha and West Bengal in the east; Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya and Assam in the Northeast. These make 20 States of the existing 29 States. 2. Two, of the remaining States, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh are seen as predominantly Hindi-speaking States; but a closer look at their linguistic composition shows that they all have their own native regional languages within each of them and Hindi functions there as a shared pan-State language . In Nagaland, English is the State language. 3. Three, in terms of heritage value, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam, Marathi, Gujarati, Sindhi, Kashmiri, Odia, Bangla, Nepali and Assamese have a historically longer legacy than the Hindi language. 4. Four, the Constitution has imagined India, both through commission and omission, as a multilingual country and not as a monolingual nation . The fact that it originally decided to list
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9 | Page 9004418746 [email protected] 14 languages in the Eighth Schedule clearly indicates the unwillingness of the makers of the Constitution to tether India to any single language.
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