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5.Ethnocentrism – own culture is superior / comparing others to your own culture. It is the universal tendency of humans to think that their way of thinking and behaving is the only correct and natural way. Nurses may think that the only good care is the care that they have learned to believe in, value, and practice. 4
6.Spirituality / assessment / definition / competent care – remember that spirituality does not necessarily mean religion. It is the connection one has to the world around them – their source of peace. How we find meaning, hope, purpose, and a sense of peace. Spirituality is more of an internal phenomenon centering on universal personal questions and needs. May or may not be connected with the community or with religious rituals.• Who or what supplies you with strength and hope?• Do you have a religious affiliation?• Do you practice any spiritual activities (e.g., yoga, tai chi, meditation)?• Do you participate in any religious activities?• What role does religion or spiritual practice play in your life?• Does your faith help you in stressful situations?• Do you pray or meditate?• Has your illness affected your religious/spiritual practices?• Would you like to have someone from your church/synagogue/temple or from our facility visit?7.Epidemiological study impact on mental health