It was a dictatorship until Hitler annexed it. The other Southeastern european states were always at war over nationalities until united under a royal dictatorship.STUDY QUESTIONS:Compare and contrast the governmental response to the depression in Britain and France. Howwould you explain any differences you note?France responded to the depression by setting up the Popular Front. This was a smallergovernment which was dedicated to making social and financial/economical changes. ThePopular Front was one of the few times the socialists and the communists worked together tosolve problems; however, the group eventually faded away before making much of an impact.In Britain, they also set up several smaller governments to make reforms and changes.Examples include the National Government and the Labor Party Government which weredivided into many branches for which social class it helped. The Irish were fed up withParliament and an Irish group called Sinn Fein caused a revolution to gain independence.Peace was signed between them and Britain, but the Irish continued to have a civil war againstthe British army.1. Who supported the Nazis and why? How was Nazi racial ideology expressed in laws and government policies?The people of Germany who were facing financial and unemployment issues were generally theones who supported the Nazis the most. Soldiers from WWI also tended to support the Naziparty because they wanted Germany to regain power and to get revenge against the Versaillestreaty that humiliated Germany so much. Nazi racial ideology looked to create a superior raceof Nazis without communists, socialists, marxists, or Jews. This was expressed in laws thatcondemned the Jews and prevented them from having citizenship or jobs. Government policiesalso forced the people of Germany to follow the Nazi ideology or else they would be killed suchas with the women who were sterilized or killed for not being desirable or healthy forreproduction in the eyes of the Germans.2. What were the social consequences of Soviet collectivization and rapid industrialization in the 1930s? How did Stalin suppress opposition to his policies?Social consequences of collectivization included starvation of the lower-level classes, several worker and peasant uprisings, and a decrease in ownership of private property. With the government taking all of the grain, the people didn’t have enough food and would often starve to death. If they resisted, then they would be shot as punishment. Several workers and peasants were extremely angry, but without food or land, they didn’t have the ability to resist the government. The industrialization provided more jobs for the unemployed because of the more factories. It also was completely owned by the state and often required land or property to be taken from people such as farmers for the land and the farmers are either killed or forcedto work there. Anyone who happened to resist Stalin’s ideas were often killed or sent to prison camps to die in what was called the Great Purges where millions of people were killed if suspected of being against the government or Stalin himself.