of survival- survivalism- ideology that focuses on sheer survival- the fact that jews came close to being destroyed so they have to make every effort to survive ← intermarriage poses a threat ←
← traditional religious explanation of jews survival: • jews are gods people, of course they survived • historical pov- jews believed they were gods chosen people, so they had more motivation to survive • What do you feel are the key explanations for survival ofjews 1) Judaism- 2) Survivalism/ anti-Semitism - antisemtisim shapes identity and encourages them to stay jewish- i. One response- too hard to be a jew- assimilation- change name, move to another neighborhood and don’t pass down to children ii. Other response is to go opposite direction- be a jew despite antisemtisim Pale of Settlement- around 1899 when the Russian empire took control of much of eastern Europe, they created an area where jews could legally settle but this excluded them from the major cities living in dense settlement like lower east side helps preserve culture- in modern American society, jews can live hwo they want which has challenged what it means to be a jew- all choices where to stay jewish- all are jews by choice- “converts to Judaism”- no one forced to be a jew *beauty of modern world is that you can be who you want to be *what makes being a jew in America so special is the freedom to be what you want to be- to be a jew or not to be a jew b. 3) duality- tension between living within your own community and being part of greater society- fact that they have been working on this problem for so long gives them a lot of experience to build off of. Something fairly constant and long lived of duality of jewish existence
28/08/2007 19:05:00 4)
28/08/2007 19:05:00 5)
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