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-"increasing mental sickness"may find expression in neurotic symptoms:-Many of them are normal because they are so well adjusted to our mode of existence, because their human voice has been silenced so early in their lives, that they do not
even struggle or suffer or develop symptoms as the neurotic does." They are normal not in what may be called the absolute sense of the word; they are normal only in relation to a profoundly abnormal society. Their perfect adjustment to that abnormal society is a measure of their mental sickness.-Their conformity is developing into something like uniformity.-Any culture which, in the interests of efficiency or in the name of some political or religious dogma, seeks to standardize the human individual, commits an outrage againstman's biological nature. -Science may be defined as the reduction of multiplicity to unity. It seeks to explain the endlessly diverse phenomena of nature by ignoring the uniqueness of particular events, concentrating on what they have in common and finally abstracting some kind of "law," interms of which they make sense and can be effectively dealt with.-The wish to impose order upon confusion, to bring harmony out of dissonance and unityout of multiplicity is a kind of intellectual instinct, a primary and fundamental urge of the mind. Within the realms of science, art and philosophy the workings of what I may call this "Will to Order" are mainly beneficent.-the Will to Order has produced many premature syntheses based upon insufficient evidence, many absurd systems of metaphysics and theology, much pedantic mistaking of notions for realities, of symbols and abstractions for the data of immediate experience.-The will to order become very dangerous when it enters in the social sphere, in the realm of politics and economics. -Here the theoretical reduction of unmanageable multiplicity to comprehensible unity becomes the practical reduction of human diversity to subhuman uniformity, of freedom to servitude.-In politics the equivalent of a fully developed scientific theory is a totalitarian dictatorship.-In economics, the equivalent of a beautifully composed work of art is the smoothly running factory in which the workers are perfectly adjusted to the machines. -Organization is absolutely necessary but can be fatal = Too much organization transforms men and women into automata, suffocates the creative spirit and abolishes the very possibility of freedom.-As usual, the only safe course is in the middle, between the extremes of laissez-faire at one end of the scale and of total control at the other. -During the past century the successive advances in technology have been accompaniedby corresponding advances in organization. In order to fit into these organizations, individuals have had to deindivid-ualize themselves, have had to deny their native diversity and conform to a standard pattern, have had to do their best to become automata.