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Question 32A nurse recalls insulin has an effect on which of the following groups of electrolytes?Question 33A 25-year-old male presents with fatigue, constipation, and sexual dysfunction. Tests reveal all pituitary hormones are normal and no masses are present. The nurse suspects the most likely cause of his symptoms is a dysfunction in the:
Question 34Visual disturbances are a common occurrence in patients with untreated Graves disease. The endocrinologist explains to the patient that the main cause of these complications is:Question 35A 50-year-old male patient presents with polyuria and extreme thirst. He was given exogenous ADH. For which of the following conditions would this treatment be effective?Question 36A 15-year-old female presents with breast discharge, dysmenorrhea, and excessive excitability. Tests reveal that all her pituitary hormones are elevated. What does the nurse suspect as the most likely causefor these assessment findings?Question 37When a patient wants to know what most commonly causes hypoparathyroidism, how should the nurse reply? It is most commonly caused by:Question 38An endocrinologist isolated a new hormone and found it to be a water-soluble amine. Which of the following is most like this new hormone?Question 39A 19-year-old female with type 1 DM was admitted to the hospital with the following lab values: serum glucose 500 mg/dl (high), urine glucose and ketones 4+ (high), and arterial pH 7.20 (low). Her parents state that she has been sick with the “flu” for a week. Which of the following statements best explains her acidotic state?Question 40A patient has high levels of hormones. To adapt to the high hormone concentrations, the patient’s target cells have the capacity for:
Question 41A 25-year-old female with Graves disease is admitted to a medical-surgical unit. Palpation of her neck would most likely reveal:
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Vasopressin, visual disturbances, Pituitary adenoma, 40-year-old male