Memorial to Louisiana purchase o Created simple but bold proposal for a

Memorial to louisiana purchase o created simple but

This preview shows page 35 - 40 out of 73 pages.

Memorial to Louisiana purchase o Created simple but bold proposal for a colossal arch Nowhere near as tall as effiel tower Just as revolutionary o Two points instead of 4
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o Rational mathematics Expresses gravity visually o Architectures history o Has a sculptural quality – shows what le Corbusier calls plastic imagination Form: ‘rational’ and ‘poetic’ – shows both of these things o Worked with structural engineers closely Engineers: adjusted equations so Saarinen’s form would ‘soar’ o Went for aesthetic effect o Excellent example of a design that emerged from professional collaboration o However only Saarinen got credit Architect as creative author? – attach a single name to a building o A powerful cultural myth o Why Hollywood loves architects – a mystique, ora of creative 26. Mythic Engineers Mid-20th century: era of famous, influential engineers o Unprecedented visibility of engineers o Space program o Wernher Von Braun – heroic Von Braun: Led NASA’s Saturn V, got U.S. to the Moon o German – chief architects of the V2 program o Became a top aerospace engineer at NASA
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o Science and engineering crucial to america’s survival Nervi: dramatic concrete shells inspired architects o Design icon among architect o Widely admired both for their incredible design and sculptural beauty o Becomes an influence for many later 27. Vitruvian Revival? Santiago Calatrava: engineer, architect and sculptor – Spanish designer o Works famous for daring structural forms to create elegant spacial compositions Norman Foster: architect as engineer o Design structures that would be considered works of engineering Millennium bridge Appearance of high tech forms More decorative than structural Le Corbusier: efficiency and aesthetics o Architecture is about how people react o Beauty is important o Beauty is also an elusive quality – hard to define
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2.4 Aesthetics I 1. Venustas (images only) Taj Mahal, they come to see its beauty Beauty – third leg of Vitruvius’ triad o Foundation of what transforms a piece of practical construction into something more Is the Taj Mahal beautiful? o Millions of people would agree – but why? o Start by looking closely at the building Perfectly symmetrical – balanced on several axes And in plan – vertical axis and horizontal plane Multiple domes and ewons Rhythm and repetition Tiny domes and huge ones Geometric framing of the structure Minarets Completeness and wholeness Overall effect – repose and stability and harmony Clarity gives us a sense that we understand a building ICA – in 2007 voted the city’s most beautiful building by civic government o May think its beautiful or may not
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She finds it aesthetically successful design ICA and Taj Mahal are very different types/flavors of beauty No repose – or balance Huge cantilever hanging precariously over head as you walk below
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