Standardized needs assessment measures a relatively

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StandardizedNeedsAssessmentMeasuresA relatively new needs assessme11t methodology entailsdeveloping standardized measurestoassess the needsofa specificpopulationgroup. For example,Wancataandcolleagues(2006) initially used focusgroupsandin depth individual interviews to develop amea-surecomprising18commonproblems experienced by caregivers of adultsdiagnosedwith schizophrenia.Thedifficulties weretranslatedintoitems such as"notenoughinfor-mationontheillness, itssymptomsandcourse," "fearofstigmatizationanddiscrimina-tion,"and"burnoutorillnessofthe carer."Using such a measure inotherneeds assessment research hastheadvantageofbuildingontheworkthathas goneintoidentifying and conceptualizingpotentially importantneeds andofusing a measure for whichreliabilityandvalidity willoften have beenestab-lished. A possibledisadvantage is that needs proven relevanttocaregiversofadults diag-nosed \'l'ith schizophrenia inonelocation maynothavethesameimportance inothers.Conversely,items about other needs that areimportantin a new locale may be missingfrom the standardized measure.UsingExistingStatisticalInformationAnotherquantitative methodofconducting needs assessments is using data thathave beenpreviously collected. Existingdatamaybe availableinagencyfilesorgovernment databanks, for example. Such secondary analyses have the advantageofsparing researchersthetimeand expenseofgatheringnewdata. A disadvantage is thatone is limitedtodata thatsomeone else considered worth gathering, andpotentially importantvariables maybeabsentormay needtobe inferred indirectly from the data that were recorded.Reviewing casefiles can be challenging.Asa follow-up to apreviously completedstudyonthe outcomesofa specialized domestic violencecourt(Tutty, McNichol,&Christensen,2008), we are using district attorney files to collect anumberofvariables, includingthedemographic characteristicsoftbe accusedand the victim, whether the victims testifiedorprovided a victims impactstatementtothecourt, and hov,,thetrial was resolved.Incontested cases,thefilescanbe very large, literally inches thick! Thefiles are createdfor the criminal justice system,notresearchers, sothere isnoconsistentorganization. Assuch, collectingdata from onefile can take several hours. Considerable information maynotbe recorded. Lawyers arenotnecessarily as interested in demographic characteristicssuchasethnicityorageasmost researchers are, andso littleofthiscanbe foundinthefiles. Despitethesechallenges,ifwe aretoevaluatethespecialized courts,paperfllereviews areouronlyoption to assess whether thecourts are meetingLheneedsofboththevictimsandthe accused.

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Chapter 3 / Exercise 26
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Term
Winter
Professor
Bolton
Tags
Sociology, Qualitative Research
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Essentials of Business Communication
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 3 / Exercise 26
Essentials of Business Communication
Guffey/Loewy
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