Key Terms Allegory: a narrative that is symbolical. Allusions: a passing reference to something. Archetypes: collective images or shared symbols in Jungian psychology that are thought to be present in the individual psyche.
Cyberspace: defined both as the network of information shared by computers around the world and as virtual reality. Epilogue: a concluding part added to a work of literature. Extrasensory perception (ESP): the ability to perceive or communicate outside of the normal range of sensory perception. Farcical versions: a humorous or clever retelling of a traditional story. Grounding in reality: many authors firmly ground a story in reality before gradually moving into fantasy; this is a technique for making the unbelievable more believable. Hero story: a story that describes a main character who demonstrates courage and who is admired for his or her brave and noble deeds. Internal consistency: another point to be considered when evaluating fantasy is the consistency of the story. Each fantasy should have a logical framework and an internal consistency in the world set forth by the author; internal consistency refers to the logical consistency of the story plot. Juxtaposition: the act of placing side by side. Magical object: an object that has magical properties; the children in books of fantasy often possess a magical object, know a magical saying, or have magical powers themselves. Modern literary fairy tale: a story created by the imagination of the author that is written in the style of a fairy tale from the oral tradition. Morality tale: tales that explore the issues of correct and incorrect behavior. Multi-layered story: a story that has several layers of meaning that can be interpreted at varying depths by more or less sophisticated readers. Mystical fantasy: mysterious exploration of the unknown. Occult: of or pertaining to magic and supernatural powers. Personification: the attribution of human characteristics to an animal or an object. Poltergeist: a ghost or spirit that makes its presence known through noises. Prequel: literary work that, although published at a later date, portrays events in a series prior to the events of a previously published work.
Prologue: a preface or an introduction to a work of literature. Recurring motif: a motif that reappears throughout a story or a series; works of high fantasy generally have recurring themes and motifs. Satire: a literary work through which human weaknesses are exposed and scorned. Sequel: a work of literature that is complete unto itself, but follows the narrative of a previous work. Shape-changing: shape changing (the transformation of something into something else) is a common theme in both traditional literature and modern fantasy. Shape-shifting: in fantasy stories, some characters have the ability to transform themselves into varied forms.
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- Summer '19
- Literature, Fairy tale