Symphysis fibrocartilage located at the pubic

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Symphysis-fibrocartilage located at the pubic symphysis and intravertebral disc E. Synovial Joints 1. Synovial joints are highly movable and characterized by the presence of a synovial membrane and a (joint) cavity that is filled with lubricating synovial fluid. 2. Additional important characteristics include: a) articular cartilage b) joint cavity-filled with synovial fluid c) articular capsule-consists of outer fibrous capsule that may have This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com
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ligaments and an inner synovial membrane that secretes lubricating synovial fluid 3. Many synovial joints also contain (use the knee joint as an example): i. accessory ligaments, including extracapsular ligaments and intracapsular ligaments ii. articular discs (menisci) iii. bursae 4. Types of movements that may occur at synovial joints include: i. gliding movements (occur at gliding joints) a. one surface moves back-and-forth and from side-to-side over another surface without twisting or rotary motion b. examples include joints between neighboring carpals ii. angular movements change the angle between bones; there are several types including: a. flexion decreases the angle (e.g., bending the elbow joint) b. extension increases the angle (e.g., straightening the knee joint); - hyperextension is extension beyond the anatomical position (e.g., bending the head posteriorly) c. abduction is movement of a bone away from the midline of the body (e.g., moving the humerus laterally); for fingers
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  • Spring '16
  • Anatomy, sh, ed d, ball and socket joint

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