C cognitive dissonance d the elaboration likelihood

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c. cognitive dissonance. d. the elaboration likelihood model. ANS: A DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.2b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology
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36. When Tyronne first heard a new song on the radio, he disliked it. However, after hearing it played many times on the radio, he is surprised that he has grown to like it. Tyronne having a positive attitude toward the song after listening to it multiple times is best explained by a. cognitive dissonance. b. implicit attitudes. c. the mere exposure effect. d. the elaboration likelihood model. ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.2b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 37. Baily saw a bright orange sweater while shopping and thought it was ugly. Then Baily starts to see more and more people wearing the orange sweaters, which made her like the sweater more and eventually buy one herself. This situation is an example of a. the mere exposure effect. b. cognitive dissonance. c. classical conditioning. d. postdecisional dissonance. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 38. Roger is trying new foods. So far, he dislikes oysters but enjoys Brussels sprouts. Based on his attitudes what can you predict? a. He came to dislike oysters faster than he came to like Brussels sprouts. b. He came to like Brussels sprouts faster than he came to dislike oysters. c. He came to dislike oysters through mere exposure. d. He came to like Brussels sprouts through low attitude accessibility. ANS: A DIF: Difficult OBJ: 11.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 39. Casey eats a lot of junk food. She knows the negative consequences of her diet, but rationalizes her behavior by saying the junk food helps her deal with her anxiety. Casey is using this explanation because she is uncomfortable with the inconsistency between her actions and her beliefs and wants to reduce a. implicit attitudes. b. simple attitudes. c. cognitive dissonance. d. attitude accessibility. ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.2c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 40. Brendan does not like psychology, but he is taking an introductory psychology class because his academic adviser told him he had to. Due to cognitive dissonance, Brendan will probably have a(n) __________ attitude by the end of the semester. a. more positive b. more negative c. neutral d. unchanged
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ANS: A DIF: Easy OBJ: 11.2c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 41. Lisa believes that drinking alcohol is wrong. However, her boyfriend Mike likes to drink beer after work. Instead of breaking up with Mike, she decides that drinking alcohol is not so bad after all. Lisa’s attitude most likely changed because of a. the fundamental attribution error. b. the actor/observer bias. c. postdecisional dissonance.
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