3 naturalistic social science is inadequate 4

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3) naturalistic social science is inadequate 4) empirical concerns are tied to normative evaluation and social ethics 5) primary problem of organization theory is to understand the ways in which the bureaucracy serves to reinforce social processes of domination that produces alienation 6) purpose of theory is practical Critical theory must have a practical interest that guides it Four Dimensions ontology epistemology human nature methodology Ontology have to do with the phenomena being investigated realism Epistemology assumptions regarded as knowledge or fact and how that knowledge is communicated in everyday life or in science positivism explain and predict what happens in the social world by examining relationships Human Nature beliefs that guide inquiries voluntarist human nature is active rather than determined Methodology debate between subjectivists and objectivists nomothetic methodologies based on protocol and technique ideographic investigations Interpretive Theory Immanuel Kant sensory experiences are the primary foundation for knowledge ultimate reality lies in spirits Edmund Hessert and Max Weber opposed spirit
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Verstehen interpretive understanding Behavior movements of people Intentionality consciousness is directed towards objects of our intention Intersubjectivity social character of that creation agreements made possible by language awareness of the self Gibson Winter social ethics clarify social identity Principles of Scientific Perspectives Style structure process of unification ordering principles behaviorist physical impulse balance of exchange adjust to external conditions functionali st social self need equilibriu m adaptation by internal and external transaction s voluntarist intentionalsel f harmony continuity as meaning Four alternative decision rules voting contract bargaining consensus Harmon Chapter 11- Theories of Emergence equivocal
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conversations mean different things to different people managerial problems persist because managers continue to believe that there are such things as unilateral causation, independent and dependent variables, origins, and terminations Double Interact
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  • Spring '13
  • MarkBurns
  • Sociology, Tightly Coupled Systems, harmon chapter

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