with my grandmother and aunt about how I was as an infant. They said they I often slept peacefully, and rarely ever cried like a child. My grandmother said when I was awake, I was very playful and was easily entertained, resulting in constant laughter. My aunt told me I had no problem sleeping in my own crib, and I had no issues sticking to a sleep schedule. From such recollections, it seems that a bond of trust was established between my mom, grandmother, and I, and I was able to develop a sense of hope and drive as described in Erikson's theory.
DEVELOPMENTAL ANALYSIS 6 Toddler The toddler stage (1-3) is the stage where autonomy becomes evident. In Erikson’s model of development, the crisis in this stage is autonomy vs. shame and doubt. This is the stage where children attempt to develop independence and make choices for themselves (Sokol, 2009). They are less reliant on their parents than in the infancy stage, but still, need them for a great deal of care. More importantly, this is the stage where self-control is established or destroyed. Toilet training is a significant aspect of the toddler stage (Wong, Hall, Justice, & Hernandez, 2015). The success or failure of this critical task can set the tone for the toddler's development in future stages and can significantly impact his or her self-esteem. During my stage as a toddler, I was playful and eager to learn. I was toilet trained early in this stage, with continuous coaching and assistance from my parents. My mother was huge on education, so during this stage, I was taught to read, write my full name, address, parents' names, and home phone number. I learned basic things as well, such as the alphabet and how to count to the number 20. By this time, my two younger brothers were born. I had to become independent at a very early age because my mom was 24 with little boys, so my older brother and I had to help my mom out as much possible. I was taught how to dress, how to feed myself, and how to practice good hygiene. My love for learning was established at this point because of how supportive and rewarding my mother and grandparents were when I made accomplishments. My grandparents invested in educational toys, so at times during play, I was able to enhance my knowledge and learn something new. I also think it was valuable that I had other siblings who were doing the same thing as me growing up. We were not rich by any means, so there was a lot of sharing of
DEVELOPMENTAL ANALYSIS 7 toys, books, and etc. amongst us. This phase of progress made a mass of certainty and pushed my development in the accompanying phases of advancement. Preschool The preschool stage (4-6) is characterized by the initiative vs. psychosocial guilt crisis. This is where kids take risks and get things done individually regularly without solicitation or help from their folks. Furthermore, a few kids tend to mimic the actions more commonly they observer by grown-ups and do them keeping in mind the desire of getting acclaim or salutary reactions from their activities[ CITATION Sok09 \l 1033 ]. On the off chance that these practices are bolstered, the kid will keep on building up their freedom and take activities. Still, conversely,
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 15 pages?
- Fall '19
- Dr Timothy Evans
- Developmental Psychology, Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Erik H. Erikson