Sufi emphasizes devotion and simplicity mystical

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Sufi: emphasizes devotion and simplicity, mystical orientation Imam: leadership title for Shiites, leads prayers Caliph: leadership title for Sunnis, democratically elected Dhikr: devotational remembrance of Allah through reciting Allah’s 99 names Fana: extinction of self, loss of self Shariah: collective body of laws that is intended to govern Muslim life Theocracy: form of government where god is the supreme ruler Jihad: to strive/struggle, primarily in moral development or preaching the Quran Questions: How did the “Kabah” function religiously, previous to Muhammad’s reformation? It functioned as a shrine and had a big black stone in the box What did the Hanifs believe (differently than most Arabs), about “Allah”, and about the Kabah and its “black stone”? believed that Allah was the only proper object of worship and devotion and not the Kabah What were the three consistent themes of all Muhammad’s revelations? Radical uncompromising monotheism, radical morality, radical equality Name and describe the five pillars of Islamic religious practice. Sahadah – muslim witness “there is no god but god and Muhammad is his prophet” Salat – daily prayer Zakat – charity given to the poor, 2.5% of your gross works Sawm – fasting during rammadan to know what it is like to be poor Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca done once in a lifetime Why is the daily and prescribed practice of prayer so central to Islam?
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