The proportion of migrants reporting limited or difficult access to the

The proportion of migrants reporting limited or

This preview shows page 19 - 21 out of 82 pages.

further distinction between political and commercial centres beyond the regional one. The proportion of migrants reporting limited or difficult access to the decision making process was the same as that amongst non-migrants, with the same large proportion in Somaliland. ECONOMIC PROFILE Income – Household income is notoriously misreported, so only general trends are worth discussing. In the survey sample, household income per person had a mean of about $75/month, though the median was a mere $20. Three quarters earned below the World Bank’s global poverty line at less than $2/day, and 64% lived in extreme poverty at less than $1.25/day. Considering extreme poverty across cities and migration histories, we find higher incidences of poverty in the commercial hubs, and among internal migrants. 13 Regarding the proportion (percentage) of youth living in extreme poverty (less than $1.25/day) in each city and each migrant class, it is worth noting that: 1. Poverty rates are higher in the commercial hubs than in the administrative capitals; 2. Exceptionally lower poverty rates were recorded for internal migrants in Hargeysa or returnees in Burao. Table 3 – Percentage of youth living in extreme poverty (less than $1.25/day) Cities Internal Migrant Non-Migrant Returnee Total Bossasso 88% 74% 63% 68% Burao 60% 59% 29% 54% Garowe 84% 74% 64% 66% Hargeysa 22% .68% 77% 57% Although household debt was reported by a small minority (14%) only, it should be kept in mind that debts (and remittances) are often perceived as sensitive topics by household respondents, which may bias their answers towards underreporting. With this caveat in mind, internal migrants and mixed migrants reported debt at considerably higher rates (17 and 21%, respectively), while returnees and non-migrants reported debt only 11-12% of the time. Households in Somaliland were nearly twice as likely to hold debt (18%) as those in Puntland (10%). The ratio of debt to household income is a measure of how long it might take a household to repay its debts, so that they can to achieve a stable monthly surplus. While most households reported no debt, the 14% that tended to carry approximately one month’s income in debt (log(ratio)=0), with a quarter of these carrying 3 months or more. 4-5% of internal migrants and mixed migrants carried debt equivalent to 3 months income or more, while only 2% of non- migrants and no returnee did. 13 The exceptionally low incidences of poverty of internal migrants in Hargeysa and returnees in Burao are likely a statistical artefact of the small number of respondents in these groups.
Image of page 19
20 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration Employment – For both migrant and non-migrants, the distribution of employment activities varies between regions and gives insight into the kind of economy functioning in each: ! Sectors – Surveyed households in Puntland dedicate themselves mostly to commercial activities such as trade and small business, while in Somaliland a more agrarian economy dominates, with pastoralists, farmers and skilled workers; ! Unemployment – Somaliland carried nearly twice the weight of unemployment as
Image of page 20
Image of page 21

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 82 pages?

  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors