created and defined the meaning of the term Sustainable Development. - The organisation Centre for Our Common Future was started in April 1988 to take the place of the Commission. 13. The Moscow Conference (1987) - UNESCO and UNEP jointly organised the Educational Congress on Environmental Education and Training. - This international conference on Environmental Educations was held in Moscow, USSR, 17-21 August 1987. - It is known as the Tbilisi Plus Ten Conference. - This conference was held ten years after "Tbilisi, 1977 (the world's first Intergovernmental Conference on Environmental Education, held in Tbilisi, USSR, October 1977). - the Tbilisi Principles was reaffirmed as sound guidelines for the development of national environmental education programmes. - This conference summed up the importance of environmental education. “In the long run nothing significant will happen to reduce local and international threats to the environment unless widespread public awareness is aroused concerning the essential links between environmental quality and the continued satisfaction of human needs. Human action depends upon motivation, which depends upon widespread understanding. This is why we feel it is so important that everyone becomes environmentally conscious through proper environmental education.” (UNESCO 1987) 14. Meeting of the Council of the European Community (1988) - In May 1988 a resolution was passed within the European community. - A resolution on Environmental Education was adopted. “Environmental Education should be an integral and essential part of every European citizens upbringings” (Palmer-1998) - The objectives are to increase public awareness and to find possible solutions of problems.
Environmental education in the international arena: 1990 – 2002. 15. National Curriculum Documentation for Environmental Education was published in England (1990) i) “The National Curriculum Subject orders require teaching about environmental matters. The Original subject orders were complemented by the National Curriculum Council’s curriculum guidance on environmental education.” (NCC, 1990, p.3) ii) “It is for schools to decide how to teach environmental matters through the National Curriculum and how far to go beyond statutory obligations.” (NCC, 1990, p.4) iii) “In some National Curriculum subjects, notably geography and science, the programmes of study ensure that environmental matters are taught ……….. Environmental matters may also feature in other National Curriculum Subjects, not because they are required, but because Schools choose to take up opportunities to include an environmental dimension.” (SCAA, 1996, p.4) 16. The Earth Summit (1992). 8306 Due date: 23 September 2016 Pages: 33 5 | P a g e Today shapes tomorrow. - The Earth Summit (UNCED) Conference was held in Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 attended by heads of state and government and other delegates form more than 170 countries. - Stressed the importance of environmental education for sustainable development. - Agenda 21, Chapter 36 (Education, public awareness and training), is a major action programme setting out what nations should do to achieve sustainable development.
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