145 146 PART 2 The Individual END OF CHAPTER REVIEW My Managemen tlab Go to

145 146 part 2 the individual end of chapter review

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146 PART 2 The Individual END-OF-CHAPTER REVIEW My Managemen tlab Go to mymanagementlab.com to complete the problems marked with this icon. 0 QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW 5-1 What is persona lit y? H ow do we typically measure it? What factors determine personality ? 5-2 What is the Myers-Briggs Type Indic ator ( MBTI ), and wh at are its strengt hs and weaknesses? 5-3 What are the key traits in the Big Five persona lity model? 5-4 How do t he Big Five trait s predict behavior at work? 5-5 How doe s the si tuation or environme nt affect the degree to which persona lity predicts behavior? 5-6 What is t he differen ce be t ween t erm inal and inst rumental values? 5-7 Do va lu es differ across generations? How so? 5-8 Wh at are Hofs tede 's five val ue dime nsions of national culture? EXPERIENTIAL EXERCISE What Organizational Culture Do You Prefer? Th e Or ga ni zaL io nal Cu l tur e Pr o fil e (OCP) ca n help assess whe th er an indi vid ual' s values ma Leh the o r ga niza ti on 's. 16 Th e OCP helps individu aJs on th e ir ch arac t er i st ic in te rm s of imp orta n ce, which indi c aLe s what a per so n value . 5-9. Wo rkin g on yo ur own, co mpleLe th e OCP foun d at wwwjsL or.o rg/ stable/ 256404. Y ou r in st ru ct or may ask y ou the fo ll owing qu es- t.i ons individually or as a gr ou p of th ree or four stu den ts (with a sp okes pe r so n ap po int ed to peak to th e cla 5s for each gro up ): 5-10. Wh at were yo ur m os t pr ef er red and l ea t pr efe rr ed va lu es? Do you think yo ur mo st pr e ferr ed and l eas t preferred va lu e are similar to th ose of o th er clas or group me mbers ? 5-11. Do you think th e re a rc generationa l diff e ren ce in the m os t pr efe rr ed a nd l eas t pr efe rr ed values? 5-12. R esea rch has sh own Lh at indi vi du al te nd to be hap- pier , a nd perfom1 be tt er, when th eir OCP va lu es match th o e of th e ir e mpl oyer. How imp orta nt do you think a "value mat ch" is when you' re d ec idin g where you want to wo rk ? ETHICAL DILEMMA Generational Values and "Staying Put" Thos e who ha ve been in the wor kforc e for many years of- ten l ame nt the ' job ho ppin g" tha t occ ur s with th ose who are more r ecent e nuan LS int o the wo rkf orce. Yo un ger in- dividu als tend to ee suc h an at titude as old-fas hi oned and may r ese nt the imp li ca tion tha t th ey have an e thi ca l ob li - ga tion LO re main wi th th e ir em ployer for lil e--or even a long tim e. Lif elo ng com mitm e nt to one e mp l oyer is a thin g of th e pas l. The Bu rea u of L abo r t aL i sLics repo rts th at toda y, on ly 28 p ercen t of wome n a nd 30 percen t o f men remain with th e ir e mpl oye r for 10 or m ore year', co mp are d LO 50 p ercen t for bo th genders in 1973. Co mp e n saL io n resear ch firm Pay ca le fo und that the ave rag e Mille nni al chan ges job s every 2 years.
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