of protest = stunned. Boycott on sugar begins = started to hurt British and Scottish merchants = Parliament said “No more sugar tax” b/c they were spending more money trying to sell the sugar = victory in the colonists’ mind, but Parliament strikes back.
Stamp Act (1765) – Even more ridiculous. Requires all legal documents to have a royal stamp or water mark on it. Any type of document. This is a direct tax towards the colonies. “No taxation without Representation!”. The avg. burden of tax in London = 26.5shillings/person. The avg. American colonists would pay 1.5 shillings in tax (thought that the Americans were spoiled and whiny). Americans in London got a list of who would be the tax collectors, hurried back to the colonies, and told the colonists who were the tax collectors before they knew they were appointed tax collectors = threatening by colonists (humiliation by tar and feathering, tying to a pole, and then being returned to home). Called terrorism by terrorizing those loyal to the king = word spread to London and Parliament = something must be done to stop this = Isaac Beret (F and I war veteran) went back to fight with the protestors (“Sons of Liberty”) = creation of the Sons of Liberty branches across every colony = coordinated protests. Sons of Liberty = 1stnational organization = unified the colonies. The Stamp Act loses money, they lose more money administering it = remove it. The British were determined to have the colonies bemore obedient. Townsend Duties (1767) – Named after the prime minister at the time. Tax on lead, paper, glass, and tea = Boston Tea Party. Initiate a boycott on these goods. Daughters of Liberty (as important as the Sons of Liberty) where the women really enforced the boycott. The king is getting frustrated by this, calls upon Ben Franklin to court (humiliated and disrespected), never forgave the British. The king asked Franklin what hethought about him sending troops to Boston to end the rebellion and asked for his opinion on what the colonists’ reaction would be. Franklin says that the redcoats would not find a rebellion, but they may very well create one by doing so = warning the king that the redcoats may provoke them = rebellion, but he was laughed at and ignored. Boston Massacre (1770) – Competition for jobs when the redcoats came. Boston had to pay for quartering the soldiers = angry colonists = friction. Insults thrown at the soldiers among other things. Artillery practice during church to spite and anger the colonists by the redcoats. Private Patrick Walker was moonlighting on a harbor, waiting to go onto the ship, when one of the Bostonians = “If you’re not going to work, clean my outhouse”= riot = soldiers beaten up. Three days later, a lone British sentry at night (very dark and cold). The soldier can hear insults towards him and feels snowballs being pelted at him that almost knocked him down. A snowball is a frozen rock in Boston. He made a retreat back to the custom house, but the crowd follows him, asks for the rest of the garrison, realizes that he needs to keep distance, asked soldiers to be armed with no intentions of killing anyone, but the colonists egged them on to try and fire. Church bells ring = sign of