Local host country nationals citizen of country where

This preview shows page 5 - 8 out of 8 pages.

Local (host-country nationals) : citizen of country where they are working > Third-Country Nationals : citizen of other rather than parent/host country IDENTIFY 3 MAIN ACTIVITIES Give EXAMPLES Advantage Disadvantage How to encourage/ motivate inside? & examples What does diversity mean? Including status, nationality, and marriage status? Example of Samsung headquarter in Tokyo
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

Using locals Using expats + Understanding of the cultures because most employees are local - Multicultural/global view + Multinational views + Perceive of better citizens -not fit with local cultures -expensive hiring -risk of incontinuity Repatriates = bring manager back home after foreign assignment has been completed Offshoring : move business process aboard to utilize knowhow and labor incentive - concern with quality control Value and strategy o Ethnocentric firms: staff foreign subsidiaries + parent-country national . home country’s style is superior to host country o Polycentric firm : staff foreign subsidiaries + host-country national Only locals understand the cultures o Geocentric firms : staff foreign subsidiaries + best people regardless of nationality best people come from anywhere Selecting international managers = for job abroad with various criterias > Technical/professional skills > Willing to go, future plan, family pressure “Avoid EARLY-expatriate return” > Personality factors flexibility, adaptability) > Leadership skills (teamwork) Class 14 – Organization change Forces for change > Nature of the workforce (diversity, demographic, immigration) > Technology (fast, cheap, mobile computer) > Economic shocks (stock market, immigration job skills, monetary crises) > Competition (regional&global, merger&consolidations, e-commerce) > Social trends (internet, big box retrailer) > World politics (war, terrorism, politic instability) Dynamic between changes & resistance > Good or bad, depend on situation > + if lead to open discussion Advantage Disadvantage Cause changes in organization
Image of page 6
Resistance be overt, immediate (obvious easy to deal with) implicit, deferred (keep thing inside loss of motivation) Individual Organizational -Habit -Self-interest (loss value) -Misunderstanding, lack of trust -Selective information (access info differently from other) -Fear of unknown, low tolerance of change (fear they won’t be able to develop skills for change) -Structural inertia -Limited focus of change -Group inertia -Threat to expertise -Threat to established power relationship & resources allocation 8 Tactics to Overcome resistance 1. Education and communication : manager sell what is needed for change 2. Participation : involve people in decision-making, “Buy-in” 3. Building support and commitment : emotional commitment 4. Developing positive relationship : accept change because they trust manager 5. Implementing change fairly : change is consistency and fair 6. Manipulation and cooptation : twisting fact, create false rumors, “buy-off leader” 7. Selecting people who accept changes 8. Coercion : apply forces to who resist
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 8
  • Spring '17
  • Management, Organizational studies and human resource management, Organization Designs,  Conscientiousness thoughtfulness

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern