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DSST Technical Writing study notes - final

Technical reports are today a major source of

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Technical reports are today a major source of scientific and technical information. They are prepared for internal or wider distribution by many organizations, most of which lack the extensive editing and printing facilities of commercial publishers. Technical reports are often prepared for sponsors of research projects. Another case where a technical report may be produced is when more information is produced for an academic paper than is acceptable or feasible to publish in a peer-reviewed publication; examples of this include in-depth experimental details, additional results, or the architecture of a computer model. In a technical writing course, your task is typically to pick a report topic , report audience and situation , report purpose , and report type . Types of Reports : Technical-background report - the hardest to define but the most commonly written Instructions - probably the most familiar of all the types of reports Feasibility, recommendation, and evaluation reports Primary research report – aka Lab report Technical specifications Report-length proposal Business plans Order of a technical paper: - Introduction - Findings - Conclusion - Recommendations Graphs – Technical writing contains graphics — drawings, diagrams, photographs, illustrations of all sorts, tables, pie charts, bar charts, line graphs, flow charts, and so on Tables – Tables, of course, are those rows and columns of numbers and words, mostly numbers. They permit rapid access to and relatively easy comparison of information. Cover letters – Objective letters — One type of letter says very little: it identifies the position being sought, indicates an interest in having an interview, and calls attention to the fact that the resume is attached. Highlight letters — Another type of application letter, the type you do for most technical writing courses, tries to summarize the key information from the resume, the key information that will emphasize that you are a good candidate for the job.
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Resumes – can be Objective or Detailed Resumes can be divided into three sections: the heading, the body, and the conclusion Functional vs Thematic organization of resumes Functional — separate sections for work experience and education Thematic — separate sections for the different areas of your experience and education. Instructions – Step-by-step explanations of how to do things: assemble something, operate something, repair something, or do routine maintenance on something. But for something seemingly so easy and intuitive, instructions are some of the worst-written documents you can find User guides can be as short as 10-20 pages, or as long as 200+ pages. Table of Contents – A table of contents, usually headed simply "Contents," is a list of the parts of a book or document organized in the order in which the parts appear. The contents usually includes the titles or descriptions of the first-level headers, such as chapter titles in longer works, and often includes second-level or section titles (A-heads) within the
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