In 1492 spain had 1 finally pushed out muslims 1st

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In 1492, Spain had: 1. Finally pushed out Muslims (1st invaders) 2. Became single state under Isabella and Ferdinand , but country was: o 1. Very poor o 2. Full of weapons and soldiers However, Christoforo Colombo appeared at court with plan: SAIL WEST o 3000 miles to Indies o 9000 more miles and lots of land in the way to 1 st Caribe Rich, free land and labor o Later discovers inter-mainland and hits jackpot Aztec empires and Incan Cortes defeats Montezuma, captured Tenochtitlan (Aztec capital) 2 big moneymakers Sugar from Caribbean Islands Silver from mines in Central & South America However, silver comes with a price: Over-ambitions burns itself by trying to dominate Europe Too much sugar floods market -> causes silver inflation from Spain to China Globalization starts a war SUMMARY Portugal develops trade routes to India Captured Ceuta (port) Prince Henry the Explorer (1394-1460) – Ceuta in 1415 Caravel – New ship for travel and trade o Shipboard activity, get around Africa in 1499 1492: o Spain pushes out Muslims o Ferdinand and Isabella unite Spain o Columbus asks to get money Middle Passage – slaves shipped from Africa to the New World o 20 million slaves shipped 1511 - Capture of Malacca: Portuguese conquer major trade port in SE China Chapter 17 1550-1600 – Wars of religion in France Protestants vs. Catholics o Henri IV appears o Protestant put heir to the throne o Converted to Catholicism o Becomes king in 1589 after the assassination of his predecessor, Henri III 1598 – Edict of Nantes
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Toleration for Protestants o France is too big for one man – Kings have ministers Henri IV & Duc De Sully focus on economy – how to build up France Roads, canals, bridges Dealing with nobles – a theme of French kings to come o Nobles lose political power but don’t pay taxes o Small middle class & all peasants pay taxes 1610 – Maria de Medici takes over government after Henri IV assassination Cardinal Richelieu appoints 32 inspectors to watch over 32 provinces of France Cardinal Richelieu is in charge – Protestant Revolt in 1620s 1642 he dies 1643 Louis XIII dies o Cardinal Mazarin continues predecessor’s policies and brings revolt Wars of La Fronde o Louis XIV grows in midst of civil war period Has hatred for Paris A need to be an absolute monarch Revokes the Edict of Nantes Jean-Baptiste Colbert is his minister Mercantilism – state control of the economy Wanted to spend on:
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  • Spring '08
  • Barry
  • Louis XIV, Civil War, Louis XIV of France, Louis XIII of France, Henry IV of France

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