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Nurse-Patients knowledge of each otherDoctors office setting more appropriate for theory
Betty Neuman’s Systems ModelFocus on the patients response to actual or potential stressors in the environmentFocuses on the Primary, secondary and Tertiary health prevention practicesFocuses on Prevention, Attainment or Maintenance of illness/disease process
Betty Neuman’s Systems ModelCurrent PracticeIn psychiatric practice, we control the noise and lights of the wardsPrimary prevention screenings of blood pressure readingsSecondary prevention of cholesterol screeningsTertiary prevention of diabetes managementPositive OutcomesHealth screenings for chronic diseasesFocus on maximum wellness for chronic diseases
Betty Neuman’s Systems ModelBenefits of Systems ModelCan be used in all areas of nursingEmphasis on Primary prevention and health preservationLogical context, easy to follow systemBarriers to Systems ModelStressors may need to be further identifiedIdentify potential internal and external stressors for a patientAddress access to health care issuesHow do you get to primary prevention appointments? Transportation, insurance?
Jean Watson: The Philosophy and Science of CaringHealth is defined as a high level of overall physical, mental, and social functioning; a general adaptive-maintenance level of daily functioning; and the absence of illness, or the presence of efforts leading to the absence of illness. (Petiprin, 2016)
Jean Watson: The Philosophy and Science of Caring Current PracticeProviding basic needs such as food and fluids to the patientProviding access to clergy and faith based itemsRecognizing a patient’s culture may differ from your ownTreating the whole patient, not just the ill partPositive OutcomesCaring-healing nurse patient relationshipsCaring MomentsFaith based care, incorporating the patient’s faith into their treatment goals
Jean Watson: The Philosophy and Science of CaringBenefits to Science of Caring theoryProvides holistic careIncorporates Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Brings the morals and ethics of nursing to lightIt takes too much time to incorporate the caritasProvide clear guidelines on the caritasPersonal growth does not appeal to allNot all will rely on faith or personal growth.
Helen Erickson: Modeling and Role Modeling TheoryMajor Concepts:Maslow's theory of hierarchy of needsErikson's theory of psychosocial stagesPiaget's theory of cognitive developmentModeling: nurse seeks to know and understand the patientRole Modeling: nurse assists patient in a nurturing and understanding way
Helen Erickson: Modeling and Role Modeling TheoryCurrent PracticeBuilding trust with your patient through communicationUse the patient’s strengths to assist in healingAcceptance of the patient’s limitations and assist with obstacles due to those limitsPositive OutcomesPatient trusts the nurseFocus on the patient’s strengths, not weaknessesSet patient goals directed at their healing and recovery