Types of duty:a) abstract (reasonable person standard.)b) generalc) specific (illegal to run red lights.)HEGYES v. UNJIAN ENTERPRISES, INC.1. Female driver in an accident.2. Dr. had to put a shunt in her abdomen3. Later she became pregnant and had complications with the shunt.4. Sued person who caused accident for her unborn child.5. Court ruled there was no special relationship and D had no duty to an unborn child.DYKEMA v. GUS MACKER ENTERPRISES, INC.1. Case determined no duty, because there was no special relationship.Special Relationships:1. a common carrier with its passengers.2. Inn keeper/guests3. Business owner/public&customers4. employer/employees (while at work, must have been rendered helpless or injured there)5. School/ students.6. Landlord/ tenants,7. Custodian/those in custody if required to take custody and has superior ability to protect.GRAFF v. BEARD1. Social host provided alcohol at a party.2. Person got too drunk at their party and hit someone while on way home.3. P is suing the social host.4. Court denied liability of social host, because does not want to make it social policy to have to watch and control other peoples behavior.Statute: CIVIL LIABILITY FOR SOCIAL HOSTSStatute: CIVIL LIABILITY OF PERSONS PROVIDING ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGESKUBERT v. BEST1. Person was texting and driving.2. P suing third party texter who was not present.3. Courts ruled in favor of the D.