Constantine edict of milan constantinople rome 313 ad

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Constantine Edict of Milan Constantinople Rome 313 AD Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire. This came to be known as The Edict of Milan Constantine built a second Roman capital that was previously Byzantium Named this city Constantinople After his death, the Roman Empire usually had 2 emperors One in Rome, and one in Constantinople The Omens 1. Flaming ear of corn (comet) 10 years before the Spaniards' arrival 2. Temple of Huitzilopochtli burst into flames 3. Temple of Xiuhtecuhtli struck by "a blow from the sun" (lightning) 4. Fire streamed through the sky while the sun was still shining 5. Wind lashed the water until it boiled (raging waters) 6. People heard a weeping woman night after night 7. A strange bird-like creature captured in the nets 8. Monstrous beings with two heads appeared in the streets Toltecs Dominated the are from 800-1000 AD Aztecs nomads who settled on an undesirable island Built capital city Tenochtitlan in 1325 worshipped Quetzalcoatl and raised war god Huitzilopochtli to level of sun god. Tributes = human heart sacrifices Motecuhzoma (Montezuma II)
● The ruling emperor at the time of Cortes' arrival ● Had to deal with seeing if Cortes was Quetzalcoatl or not ● Eventually killed in the conflict after being held hostage by Cortes ● Unsure if Aztec people or Spaniards killed him Quetzalcoatl God worshipped by Toltecs ● Basically, Quetzalcoatl was kicked out of the land, but vowed to return one day appearing from the East ● Aztec astrologers predicted he would come the same year Cortes landed, 1519 Huitzilopochtli god of war Hernan Cortez The first conquistador (1485-1547) ● From Medellin, Spain ● Aspired to sail to China from the West brought 500 soldiers/slaves to join him (against orders) Hit Mexico instead (1519) Pedro de Alvarado ● Cortes' right hand man ● Ordered as commander when Cortes took leave to deal with another issue ● Ordered the massacre of Aztecs at the Fiesta of Toxcatl for Huitzilopochtli Tezcoco Cortes marched to Tezcoco, where they were welcomed ● Prince Ixtlilxochitl welcomed them and converted to Christianity. He also convinced his people to ally with the conquistadors ● Whether or not Cortes actually stayed there for a bit or just passed by is debated historically Tlaxcala Cortes and the Tlaxcalans fought for a while Tlaxcalans saw it was impossible to best Cortes, so offered him gifts and formed an alliance Cholula
● Allied with the Tlaxcalans, the Spaniards entered Cholula Tlaxcalans hated the Cholulans called for a meeting in the courtyard of the god slaughtered by joint alliance Some accounts claim that the idea to slaughter the Cholula was a purely Tlaxcalan idea However, there was also an account that said that the Tlaxcalans warned the Cholula about the power of the Spanish,

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