industrial jobs that they had held during World War II as men returned to the United States and re-entered theworkforce. During the 1950s, American society and culture expected women to stay at home and raise familiesrather than work for wages. CONCEPTFamily Life in the 1950s 15In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied theopportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right whichmust be made available to all on equal terms.
6/30/2020Sophia :: Welcome10/16According to this excerpt from the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, why waspublic school segregation unconstitutional?Public school segregation violates the Supreme Court decision handed down in Plessy v. Fergusonin1896. The segregation of public schools has led to underfunded schools for black children that lack the sameamenities as white schools.Segregation in schools creates feelings of inferiority among black children, which has a lasting andnegative effect on society. The segregation of public schools is in violation of the "equal protection" clause of the 14th Amendment.RATIONALEIn its decision, the Supreme Court upheld the argument that segregated schools violated the "equal protection"clause of the 14th Amendment, which prohibits states from "deny[ing] to any person within its jurisdiction theequal protection of the laws." In writing that education, "where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a rightwhich must be made available to all on equal terms," the court concluded that inequities in education based onrace violated this equal protection clause. CONCEPTThe Consequences of Brown V Board 16All of the following were factors in president Harry Truman’s decision to drop atomic bombs on JapanEXCEPT __________.a desire to bring a quick end to the wara desire to protect civilian populations from further bombinga need to limit Soviet expansion in Asiafear that the Japanese would not surrender if invaded
6/30/2020Sophia :: Welcome11/16RATIONALEWhen deciding whether to use the atomic bomb on Japan, Truman took into consideration a number of factors.According to the historical evidence, Truman was not particularly concerned with protecting the civilianpopulation of Japan from further bombing. Indeed, throughout the war, leaders on both sides displayed awillingness to accept civilian casualties as a consequence of victory.CONCEPTTruman and the Atomic Bomb 17What was one assumption behind the United States’s decision to adopt a strategy of containment afterWorld War II?Through a gradual process, the United States would withdraw from the world stage.The United States would have to eventually confront the Soviet Union with military force.