○ What? ○ When? ○ Where? ○ Why? ● Knights of Labor- ○ Who? ○ What? Second national labor union ○ When? Organized 1869, open to public membership 1881 ○ Where? ○ Why? Known for efforts to organize all workers regardless of skill level, gender, or race. Membership declined mid 1880s for reasons including participation in violent strikes and discord between skilled and unskilled members ● Haymarket Square Riot- ○ Who? ○ What?
○ When? May 4, 1886 ○ Where? Haysquare Market ○ Why? ● American Federation of Labor- ○ Who? Almost entirely white and male, skilled workers, led by Samuel Gompers ○ What? National federations of trade unions, included only skilled workers ○ When? 1886 ○ Where? America ○ Why? Sought to negotiate with employers for better kind of capitalism that rewarded workers fairly with better wages, hours, and conditions. ● Samuel Gompers ○ Who? President of American Federation of Labor ○ What? Founded AFL ○ When? 1850-1924 ○ Where? America ○ Why? Wanted employers to offer employees fair deal by paying high wages and providing job security GOD DAMNIT, ALL THE BEGINNING ONES AREN’T HIGHLIGHTED STAYED UP UNTIL TWO IN THE DAMN MORNING, I GIVE UP. I NEED MY SLEEP
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