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music that employs Afro-Cuban rhythmic concepts with Jazz harmonic and melodic sounds, and features improvisation as an important component of the music. oThis music developed in the islands and in New York among the large Afro-Caribbean populationoMany musicians from the Caribbean and Cenral and South America migrated to the US throughout the 20thcentury and brought their music with them to the American “melting pot” of diverse musical influencesoThese musicans were performing their own traditional music from the “old country” as well as playing other styles of music for a living often including jazz music and absorbing all of those influences This led to the development of American Latin Jazz with many with many outstanding artists band leaders and composers creating music in the special genre of Jazz music.oEarly Latin Jazz pioneers included Tito Puente and Machito, whose Latin Jazz bands were immensely popular from the 1950s onoThe next generation of NY based Latin Jazz artists include Eddie Palmieri, Jerry Gonzalez FT Apache Band, Michael Camilo, Danilo Perez, Ruben Blades, Luciana Souza, and many others.In Cuba, musicans developed their own brand of jazz-influenced music even with the limited contact with the US due to political policiesoCuban musicians were able to hear Jazz music on the radio and were familiar withthe great jazz artists
oMusic has always played a large role in Cuban society and to be a musician in Cuba is a highly respected career as the demands for artistic excellence are very highoDuring the 1950s-1980s Cuban “jazz” musicians formed groups and explored high level musical projects on a par with anything being performed in the US oAn older generation of Cuban musicians led by the famous bassist Cachoa influenced and mentored a new generation of artists that have gone on to become some of the most important jazz artists of modern timesoThe group “Irakere”- a Cuban superband was formed in the 1980s and made important recordings and concert tours that garnered lots of attention in the jazz worldThis group featured trumpeter Arturo Sandoval and clarinetist/saxophonistPaquito de RiveraFollowing US concert tours some members of this group defected to the US and have become important artists in the Jazz scene, with numerous important recordings and highly successful concert tours South African JazzHard Bop Jazz horn groups like Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers, the new Fusion movement and jazz improvisation concepts influenced South African musicians Hugh Maskela and Abdullah IbrahimoThese artists helped establish a new global jazz sound in South Africa in the 1960s which gained international acclaim and popularity from that point onoTrumpeter Hugh Maskela would label this music “township jazz”, referring to the South African ghettos that house millions of blacks.